Myeloid-specific acly deletion alters macrophage phenotype in vitro and in vivo without affecting tumor growth

Kyra E. de Goede, Sanne G.S. Verberk, Jeroen Baardman, Karl J. Harber, Yvette van Kooyk, Menno P.J. de Winther, Sjoerd T.T. Schetters, Jan Van den Bossche*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Cancer cells rely on ATP-citrate lyase (Acly)-derived acetyl-CoA for lipid biogenesis and proliferation, marking Acly as a promising therapeutic target. However, inhibitors may have side effects on tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs). TAMs are innate immune cells abundant in the tumor microenvironment (TME) and play central roles in tumorigenesis, progression and therapy response. Since macrophage Acly deletion was previously shown to elicit macrophages with increased pro-and decreased anti-inflammatory responses in vitro, we hypothesized that Acly targeting may elicit anti-tumor responses in macrophages, whilst inhibiting cancer cell proliferation. Here, we used a myeloid-specific knockout model to validate that absence of Acly decreases IL-4-induced macrophage activation. Using two distinct tumor models, we demonstrate that Acly deletion slightly alters tumor immune composition and TAM phenotype in a tumor type-dependent manner without affecting tumor growth. Together, our results indicate that targeting Acly in macrophages does not have detrimental effects on myeloid cells.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3054
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jun 2021

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