Negative pressure wound treatment with polyvinyl alcohol foam and polyhexanide antiseptic solution instillation in posttraumatic osteomyelitis

M.S. Timmers, N. Graafland, A.T. Bernards, R.G. Nelissen, J.T. van Dissel, G.N. Jukema

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In a retrospective, case-control cohort study an assessment was made of the clinical outcome of patients with osteomyelitis treated with a new modality of negative pressure wound therapy, so called negative pressure instillation therapy. In this approach, after surgical debridement, a site of osteomyelitis is treated with negative pressure of at least 300 mmHg applied through polyvinyl alcohol dressing. The polyvinyl alcohol foam is irrigated through the tubes three times a day with a polyhexanide antiseptic solution. In 30 patients (14 males; mean age 52 [range, 26-81]) admitted between 1999 and 2003 with osteomyelitis of the pelvis or lower extremity, we assessed time to wound closure, number of surgical procedures and rate of recurrence of infection as well as need for rehospitalizations. For comparison, a control group of 94 patients (males, 58; mean age 47 [range, 9-85]), matched for site and severity of osteomyelitis, was identified in hospital records between 1982 and 2002. These patients underwent standard surgical debridement, implantation of gentamicin polymethylmethacrylate beads and long-term intravenous antibiotics. In the Instillation group the rate of recurrence of infection was 3/30 (10%), whereas 55/93 (58.5%) of the controls had a recurrence (p
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)278-286
JournalWound Repair and Regeneration
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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