Neonatal quantitative electroencephalography and long-term outcomes: a systematic review

Charlotte van ’t Westende, Victor J. Geraedts, Tino van Ramesdonk, Jeroen Dudink, Linda J. Schoonmade, Marjo S. van der Knaap, Cornelis J. Stam, Laura A. van de Pol*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review


Aim: To evaluate quantitative electroencephalogram (EEG) measures as predictors of long-term neurodevelopmental outcome in infants with a postconceptional age below 46 weeks, including typically developing infants born at term, infants with heterogeneous underlying pathologies, and infants born preterm. Method: A comprehensive search was performed using PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science from study inception up to 8th January 2021. Studies that examined associations between neonatal quantitative EEG measures, based on conventional and amplitude-integrated EEG, and standardized neurodevelopmental outcomes at 2 years of age or older were reviewed. Significant associations between neonatal quantitative EEG and long-term outcome measures were grouped into one or more of the following categories: cognitive outcome; motor outcome; composite scores; and other standardized outcome assessments. Results: Twenty-four out of 1740 studies were included. Multiple studies showed that conventional EEG-based absolute power in the delta, theta, alpha, and beta frequency bands and conventional and amplitude-integrated EEG-related amplitudes were positively associated with favourable long-term outcome across several domains, including cognition and motor performance. Furthermore, a lower presence of discontinuous background pattern was also associated with favourable outcomes. However, interpretation of the results is limited by heterogeneity in study design and populations. Interpretation: Neonatal quantitative EEG measures may be used as prognostic biomarkers to identify those infants who will develop long-term difficulties and who might benefit from early interventions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)413-420
Number of pages8
JournalDevelopmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2022

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