Neuroimaging tools to rate regional atrophy, subcortical cerebrovascular disease, and regional cerebral blood flow and metabolism: Consensus paper of the EADC

G. B. Frisoni*, Philip Scheltens, S. Galluzzi, F. M. Nobili, N. C. Fox, P. H. Robert, H. Soininen, L. O. Wahlund, G. Waldemar, E. Salmon

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Neuroimaging is a mainstay in the differential diagnosis of patients with cognitive impairment. The often equivocal clinical pictures, the prognostic uncertainty of the earliest stages of mild cognitive impairment, and the subtle brain changes mean that neuroimaging techniques are of potentially great incremental diagnostic value. A number of methods, ranging from very simple subjective visual ratings to highly sophisticated computerised tools, have been developed, which allow rating of structural and functional brain changes. The choice of the method is not obvious, and current guidelines provide no indications on which tools should be preferred. In this paper, we give indications for tools with demonstrated accuracy for detecting regional atrophy, cerebrovascular disease, and regional brain function, and discuss these according to increasing technological complexity, ranging from those with high feasibility that can be used at the patient's bedside to highly technological ones that require trained personnel and specific hardware and software.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1371-1381
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry
Volume74
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2003

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