To a considerable extent, the neurological outcome of patients with severe brain trauma is determined by the primary injury caused by the accident. Substantial progress has been made in our understanding of the pathophysiological processes resulting in secondary brain damage after brain trauma, partly as a result of the introduction of advanced techniques of neuromonitoring. Early recognition and treatment of the symptoms leading to this type of brain damage seems crucial to the effort to improve the neurological outcome in these patients. Useful modern neuromonitoring techniques include: measurement of the intracranial and cerebral perfusion pressure and continuous electroencephalography. Methods that are also reliable and readily applicable, but less relevant clinically, include cerebral microdialysis of fluid from the extracellular space, determination of the parenchymal oxygen tension, and determination of the venous oxygen saturation. Other techniques that are not clinically applicable include: determination of the cerebral blood flow, the cortical tissue perfusion or the regional cerebral oxygenation.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde|
|Publication status||Published - 19 Jul 2003|