Caspase-1/interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta)-converting enzyme (ICE) cleaves IL-1beta and IL-18 precursor proteins to the active forms of these proinflammatory cytokines. Since both cytokines are constitutively expressed in the brain, we investigated whether this is also the case for caspase-1. Using an antibody raised against the p10-subunit of the active enzyme, constitutive expression of caspase-1 immunoreactivity was found in nerve cells in the arcuate nucleus and in nerve fibres throughout the brain. Co-localisation with alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone was demonstrated. The distribution pattern of caspase-1 immunoreactive structures is consistent with a role to produce mature IL-1beta in regions where IL-1beta mediates fever and sleep.
|Number of pages||15|
|Journal||Journal of Neuroimmunology|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 2004|