New insights into lipid raft function regulating myocardial vascularization competency in human idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy

Santiago Roura, Carolina Gálvez-Montón, Josep M Pujal, Laura Casani, Marco A Fernández, Laura Astier, Paloma Gastelurrutia, Maite Domingo, Cristina Prat-Vidal, Carolina Soler-Botija, Aida Llucià-Valldeperas, Vicenta Llorente-Cortés, Antoni Bayes-Genis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM) affects myocardial vascularization. Whether a lack of demand for increased myocardial vascularization and/or an impaired response of circulating angiogenic-supportive cells are responsible for the vascular derangements found in IDCM is unknown.

METHODS AND RESULTS: Left ventricle (LV) samples obtained at transplant from IDCM hearts were compared to control hearts from non-cardiac decedents. Peripheral colony-forming myeloid cells were extracted from age- and sex-matched IDCM patients and healthy volunteers. At the tissue level, no differences were detected in stromal cell-derived factor (SDF)-1α expression, but integrin-linked kinase (ILK) levels and activity were increased in IDCM. A marked co-localization of SDF-1α and the specific marker of cholesterol-enriched lipid rafts Flotillin (Flot)-1 was found in IDCM. SDF-1α was also highly distributed into IDCM lipid rafts. Non-adherent pro-angiogenic cells from both groups, which were found increased in patients but showed similar surface levels of CXCR-4, equally supported Matrigel-mediated cell network formation. However, SDF-1-mediated migration was reduced in IDCM-derived cells, which also exhibited decreased ILK activity and downstream ERK activation.

CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, our results point out that myocardial competency to increase vascularization is not altered in IDCM, but dysfunctional SDF-1-mediated migration by peripheral pro-angiogenic cells through ILK and downstream ERK signaling may compromise endothelial recovery in patients. We provide new insights into lipid raft function in human IDCM and envision more effective treatments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)354-64
Number of pages11
JournalAtherosclerosis
Volume230
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2013

Cite this

Roura, S., Gálvez-Montón, C., Pujal, J. M., Casani, L., Fernández, M. A., Astier, L., ... Bayes-Genis, A. (2013). New insights into lipid raft function regulating myocardial vascularization competency in human idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. Atherosclerosis, 230(2), 354-64. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2013.08.009