No difference in return to amateur sports after medial and lateral unicompartmental knee arthroplasty in patients younger than 65 years

Riccardo D’Ambrosi*, Chiara Ursino, Ilaria Mariani, Katia Corona, Jari Dahmen, Fabio Valerio Sciarretta, Federico Valli, Nicola Ursino

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Purpose: The aim of this study was to assess the return to amateur sports of patients under 65 years, following medial unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (mUKA) versus lateral unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (lUKA). It was hypothesized that patients younger than 65 years who underwent lateral or medial unicondylar knee replacement will result in similar rates to amateur sports, at a minimum follow-up of 2 years. Method: Patients who underwent medial or lateral UKA participated in a 2-year follow-up program, where they were clinically evaluated for their return to amateur sports, using the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) activity scale and the High-Activity Arthroplasty Score (HAAS). Furthermore, subgroup analyses by gender and age were performed. Power analysis was performed to ensure sample size considering that lUKA is implanted ten times less frequently than its medial counterpart. Results: There were 85 patients who completed the entire minimum 2-year follow-up of which 73 belonged to the mUKA group and 12 to the lUKA group. No preoperative differences were found between the groups regarding the gender, the affected side, age, and mean follow-up. Both groups showed statistically significant improvement (p < 0.05) in their return to amateur sports in all parameters (UCLA and HAAS). No differences among the two groups were found at T 0 and T 1 (n.s.) . All subgroups showed a statistically significant improvement (p < 0.05) with respect to the preoperative value, except for UCLA for lUKA with less than 60 years and HAAS for males in the lUKA group (n.s.). No differences were found among subgroups both at T o and T 1 (n.s.). Conclusion: Both mUKA and lUKA procedures enabled all young and active patients a certain return to amateur sports 2 years after surgery, regardless of age and gender. UKA, medial or lateral, should always be considered for the treatment of isolated osteoarthritis in young and active patients with high functional demands. Level of evidence: Cohort Study, Level of Evidence III. Registration: Researchregistry6221 – Research Registry

Original languageEnglish
JournalKnee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy
Early online date2021
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2021
Externally publishedYes

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