No Self Without Salience: Affective and Self-relevance Ratings of 552 Emotionally Valenced and Neutral Dutch Words

Lora I. Dimitrova, Eline M. Vissia, Hanneke Geugies, Hedwig Hofstetter, Sima Chalavi, Antje A. T. S. Reinders*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


It is unknown how self-relevance is dependent on emotional salience. Emotional salience encompasses an individual's degree of attraction or aversion to emotionally-valenced information. The current study investigated the interconnection between self and salience through the evaluation of emotional valence and self-relevance. 56 native Dutch participants completed a questionnaire assessing valence, intensity, and self-relevance of 552 Dutch nouns and verbs. One-way repeated-measures ANCOVA investigated the relationship between valence and self, age and gender. Repeated-measures ANCOVA also tested the relationship between valence and self with intensity ratings and effects of gender and age. Results showed a significant main effect of valence for self-relevant words. Intensity analyses showed a main effect of valence but not of self-relevance. There were no significant effects of gender and age. The most important finding presents that self-relevance is dependent on valence. These findings concerning the relationship between self and salience opens avenues to study an individual's self-definition.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Psycholinguistic Research
Early online date2021
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2021
Externally publishedYes

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