Novel Pressure-Impedance Parameters for Evaluating Esophageal Function in Pediatric Achalasia

Maartje M J Singendonk, Taher I Omari, Nathalie Rommel, Michiel P van Wijk, Marc A Benninga, Rachel Rosen, Samuel Nurko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: In achalasia, absent peristalsis and reduced esophagogastric junction (EGJ) relaxation and compliance underlie dysphagia symptoms. Novel high-resolution impedance manometry variables, that is, bolus presence time (BPT) and trans-EGJ-bolus flow time (BFT) have been developed to estimate the duration of EGJ opening and trans-EGJ bolus flow. The aim of this study was to evaluate esophageal motor function and bolus flow in children diagnosed with achalasia using these variables.

METHODS: High-resolution impedance manometry recordings from 20 children who fulfilled the Chicago Classification (V3) criteria for achalasia were compared with recordings of 15 children with normal esophageal high-resolution manometry findings and no other evidence suggestive of achalasia. Matlab-based analysis software was used to calculate BPT and BFT.

RESULTS: Both BPT and BFT were significantly reduced in achalasia patients compared with children with normal esophageal motility (BPT 3.3 s vs 5.1 s P < 0.01; BFT 1.4 s vs 4.3 s P < 0.001). BFT was significantly lower than BPT (achalasia difference 1.9 s ± 1.3 s, P = 0.001 and normal difference 0.9 ± 0.3 s, P = 0.001). Overall, there was a significant correlation between BPT and BFT (r = 0.825, P < 0.001). We observed a 2-way differentiation of achalasia patients; those in whom the BPT and BFT were proportional, but significantly lower than in patients with normal peristalsis, and those in whom BFT was disproportionately lower than BPT.

CONCLUSIONS: Calculation of BPT and BFT may help determine whether esophageal bolus transport to the EGJ and/or esophageal emptying through the EGJ are aberrant. For achalasia, this may detect flow resistance at the EGJ, potentially improving both diagnosis and objective assessment of therapeutic effects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-42
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Volume66
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2018

Cite this

Singendonk, Maartje M J ; Omari, Taher I ; Rommel, Nathalie ; van Wijk, Michiel P ; Benninga, Marc A ; Rosen, Rachel ; Nurko, Samuel. / Novel Pressure-Impedance Parameters for Evaluating Esophageal Function in Pediatric Achalasia. In: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition. 2018 ; Vol. 66, No. 1. pp. 37-42.
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abstract = "OBJECTIVE: In achalasia, absent peristalsis and reduced esophagogastric junction (EGJ) relaxation and compliance underlie dysphagia symptoms. Novel high-resolution impedance manometry variables, that is, bolus presence time (BPT) and trans-EGJ-bolus flow time (BFT) have been developed to estimate the duration of EGJ opening and trans-EGJ bolus flow. The aim of this study was to evaluate esophageal motor function and bolus flow in children diagnosed with achalasia using these variables.METHODS: High-resolution impedance manometry recordings from 20 children who fulfilled the Chicago Classification (V3) criteria for achalasia were compared with recordings of 15 children with normal esophageal high-resolution manometry findings and no other evidence suggestive of achalasia. Matlab-based analysis software was used to calculate BPT and BFT.RESULTS: Both BPT and BFT were significantly reduced in achalasia patients compared with children with normal esophageal motility (BPT 3.3 s vs 5.1 s P < 0.01; BFT 1.4 s vs 4.3 s P < 0.001). BFT was significantly lower than BPT (achalasia difference 1.9 s ± 1.3 s, P = 0.001 and normal difference 0.9 ± 0.3 s, P = 0.001). Overall, there was a significant correlation between BPT and BFT (r = 0.825, P < 0.001). We observed a 2-way differentiation of achalasia patients; those in whom the BPT and BFT were proportional, but significantly lower than in patients with normal peristalsis, and those in whom BFT was disproportionately lower than BPT.CONCLUSIONS: Calculation of BPT and BFT may help determine whether esophageal bolus transport to the EGJ and/or esophageal emptying through the EGJ are aberrant. For achalasia, this may detect flow resistance at the EGJ, potentially improving both diagnosis and objective assessment of therapeutic effects.",
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Novel Pressure-Impedance Parameters for Evaluating Esophageal Function in Pediatric Achalasia. / Singendonk, Maartje M J; Omari, Taher I; Rommel, Nathalie; van Wijk, Michiel P; Benninga, Marc A; Rosen, Rachel; Nurko, Samuel.

In: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Vol. 66, No. 1, 01.2018, p. 37-42.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Novel Pressure-Impedance Parameters for Evaluating Esophageal Function in Pediatric Achalasia

AU - Singendonk, Maartje M J

AU - Omari, Taher I

AU - Rommel, Nathalie

AU - van Wijk, Michiel P

AU - Benninga, Marc A

AU - Rosen, Rachel

AU - Nurko, Samuel

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N2 - OBJECTIVE: In achalasia, absent peristalsis and reduced esophagogastric junction (EGJ) relaxation and compliance underlie dysphagia symptoms. Novel high-resolution impedance manometry variables, that is, bolus presence time (BPT) and trans-EGJ-bolus flow time (BFT) have been developed to estimate the duration of EGJ opening and trans-EGJ bolus flow. The aim of this study was to evaluate esophageal motor function and bolus flow in children diagnosed with achalasia using these variables.METHODS: High-resolution impedance manometry recordings from 20 children who fulfilled the Chicago Classification (V3) criteria for achalasia were compared with recordings of 15 children with normal esophageal high-resolution manometry findings and no other evidence suggestive of achalasia. Matlab-based analysis software was used to calculate BPT and BFT.RESULTS: Both BPT and BFT were significantly reduced in achalasia patients compared with children with normal esophageal motility (BPT 3.3 s vs 5.1 s P < 0.01; BFT 1.4 s vs 4.3 s P < 0.001). BFT was significantly lower than BPT (achalasia difference 1.9 s ± 1.3 s, P = 0.001 and normal difference 0.9 ± 0.3 s, P = 0.001). Overall, there was a significant correlation between BPT and BFT (r = 0.825, P < 0.001). We observed a 2-way differentiation of achalasia patients; those in whom the BPT and BFT were proportional, but significantly lower than in patients with normal peristalsis, and those in whom BFT was disproportionately lower than BPT.CONCLUSIONS: Calculation of BPT and BFT may help determine whether esophageal bolus transport to the EGJ and/or esophageal emptying through the EGJ are aberrant. For achalasia, this may detect flow resistance at the EGJ, potentially improving both diagnosis and objective assessment of therapeutic effects.

AB - OBJECTIVE: In achalasia, absent peristalsis and reduced esophagogastric junction (EGJ) relaxation and compliance underlie dysphagia symptoms. Novel high-resolution impedance manometry variables, that is, bolus presence time (BPT) and trans-EGJ-bolus flow time (BFT) have been developed to estimate the duration of EGJ opening and trans-EGJ bolus flow. The aim of this study was to evaluate esophageal motor function and bolus flow in children diagnosed with achalasia using these variables.METHODS: High-resolution impedance manometry recordings from 20 children who fulfilled the Chicago Classification (V3) criteria for achalasia were compared with recordings of 15 children with normal esophageal high-resolution manometry findings and no other evidence suggestive of achalasia. Matlab-based analysis software was used to calculate BPT and BFT.RESULTS: Both BPT and BFT were significantly reduced in achalasia patients compared with children with normal esophageal motility (BPT 3.3 s vs 5.1 s P < 0.01; BFT 1.4 s vs 4.3 s P < 0.001). BFT was significantly lower than BPT (achalasia difference 1.9 s ± 1.3 s, P = 0.001 and normal difference 0.9 ± 0.3 s, P = 0.001). Overall, there was a significant correlation between BPT and BFT (r = 0.825, P < 0.001). We observed a 2-way differentiation of achalasia patients; those in whom the BPT and BFT were proportional, but significantly lower than in patients with normal peristalsis, and those in whom BFT was disproportionately lower than BPT.CONCLUSIONS: Calculation of BPT and BFT may help determine whether esophageal bolus transport to the EGJ and/or esophageal emptying through the EGJ are aberrant. For achalasia, this may detect flow resistance at the EGJ, potentially improving both diagnosis and objective assessment of therapeutic effects.

KW - Chicago classification

KW - high-resolution impedance manometry

KW - pressure-flow analysis

U2 - 10.1097/MPG.0000000000001647

DO - 10.1097/MPG.0000000000001647

M3 - Article

VL - 66

SP - 37

EP - 42

JO - Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition

JF - Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition

SN - 0277-2116

IS - 1

ER -