Obsessive compulsive disorder with and without hoarding symptoms: Characterizing differences

Yentl E. Boerema, Mijke M. de Boer, Anton J.L.M. van Balkom, Merijn Eikelenboom, Henny A. Visser, Patricia van Oppen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Objective: In recent years there has been some ambiguity about the way hoarding and OCD are related to each other. The present study examines the differences between persons with OCD/hoarding and OCD/non-hoarding and examines which characteristics are associated with the OCD/hoarding group. Information is established about prevalences, socio-demographical characteristics, OCD and related characteristics, OCD subtypes, comorbidity (depression, anxiety disorders and PTSD) and personality traits. Methods: Data from baseline assessment of The Netherlands Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Association (NOCDA) study are used. The NOCDA sample consists of 419 participants between 18 and 79 years of age, including participants with current or remitted full DSM-IV-TR criteria for OCD. Results: Results show that 58 persons (14.3%) are classified as persons with OCD/hoarding and 349 persons (85,7%) are classified as persons with OCD/non-hoarding. OCD/hoarding is independently associated with severity of autism symptoms (p<.001), living without a partner (p<.05) and being less conscientious (p<.05). Persons with OCD/hoarding are not associated with childhood trauma (p=.31), PTSD (p=.91) and AD(H)D, inattentive type (p=.22) and hyperactive type (p=.57). Limitations: Causal interferences about associations between the risk indicators and hoarding symptoms were precluded since results were based on cross-sectional data. Conclusion: This study confirmed differences between persons with OCD/hoarding and persons with OCD/non-hoarding. The most relevant outcome of this study was the association between persons with OCD/hoarding and the increased severity of autism symptoms. These results provide a better understanding of persons with OCD/hoarding and have the potential to improve treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)652-658
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Affective Disorders
Volume246
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2019

Cite this

@article{080f0d337f7f49a2b6416d9125079b47,
title = "Obsessive compulsive disorder with and without hoarding symptoms: Characterizing differences",
abstract = "Objective: In recent years there has been some ambiguity about the way hoarding and OCD are related to each other. The present study examines the differences between persons with OCD/hoarding and OCD/non-hoarding and examines which characteristics are associated with the OCD/hoarding group. Information is established about prevalences, socio-demographical characteristics, OCD and related characteristics, OCD subtypes, comorbidity (depression, anxiety disorders and PTSD) and personality traits. Methods: Data from baseline assessment of The Netherlands Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Association (NOCDA) study are used. The NOCDA sample consists of 419 participants between 18 and 79 years of age, including participants with current or remitted full DSM-IV-TR criteria for OCD. Results: Results show that 58 persons (14.3{\%}) are classified as persons with OCD/hoarding and 349 persons (85,7{\%}) are classified as persons with OCD/non-hoarding. OCD/hoarding is independently associated with severity of autism symptoms (p<.001), living without a partner (p<.05) and being less conscientious (p<.05). Persons with OCD/hoarding are not associated with childhood trauma (p=.31), PTSD (p=.91) and AD(H)D, inattentive type (p=.22) and hyperactive type (p=.57). Limitations: Causal interferences about associations between the risk indicators and hoarding symptoms were precluded since results were based on cross-sectional data. Conclusion: This study confirmed differences between persons with OCD/hoarding and persons with OCD/non-hoarding. The most relevant outcome of this study was the association between persons with OCD/hoarding and the increased severity of autism symptoms. These results provide a better understanding of persons with OCD/hoarding and have the potential to improve treatment.",
keywords = "Autism spectrum disorders, Hoarding behavior, Living alone, Obsessive compulsive disorder, OCD subtypes, Personality traits",
author = "Boerema, {Yentl E.} and {de Boer}, {Mijke M.} and {van Balkom}, {Anton J.L.M.} and Merijn Eikelenboom and Visser, {Henny A.} and {van Oppen}, Patricia",
year = "2019",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jad.2018.12.115",
language = "English",
volume = "246",
pages = "652--658",
journal = "Journal of Affective Disorders",
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Obsessive compulsive disorder with and without hoarding symptoms : Characterizing differences. / Boerema, Yentl E.; de Boer, Mijke M.; van Balkom, Anton J.L.M.; Eikelenboom, Merijn; Visser, Henny A.; van Oppen, Patricia.

In: Journal of Affective Disorders, Vol. 246, 01.03.2019, p. 652-658.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Obsessive compulsive disorder with and without hoarding symptoms

T2 - Characterizing differences

AU - Boerema, Yentl E.

AU - de Boer, Mijke M.

AU - van Balkom, Anton J.L.M.

AU - Eikelenboom, Merijn

AU - Visser, Henny A.

AU - van Oppen, Patricia

PY - 2019/3/1

Y1 - 2019/3/1

N2 - Objective: In recent years there has been some ambiguity about the way hoarding and OCD are related to each other. The present study examines the differences between persons with OCD/hoarding and OCD/non-hoarding and examines which characteristics are associated with the OCD/hoarding group. Information is established about prevalences, socio-demographical characteristics, OCD and related characteristics, OCD subtypes, comorbidity (depression, anxiety disorders and PTSD) and personality traits. Methods: Data from baseline assessment of The Netherlands Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Association (NOCDA) study are used. The NOCDA sample consists of 419 participants between 18 and 79 years of age, including participants with current or remitted full DSM-IV-TR criteria for OCD. Results: Results show that 58 persons (14.3%) are classified as persons with OCD/hoarding and 349 persons (85,7%) are classified as persons with OCD/non-hoarding. OCD/hoarding is independently associated with severity of autism symptoms (p<.001), living without a partner (p<.05) and being less conscientious (p<.05). Persons with OCD/hoarding are not associated with childhood trauma (p=.31), PTSD (p=.91) and AD(H)D, inattentive type (p=.22) and hyperactive type (p=.57). Limitations: Causal interferences about associations between the risk indicators and hoarding symptoms were precluded since results were based on cross-sectional data. Conclusion: This study confirmed differences between persons with OCD/hoarding and persons with OCD/non-hoarding. The most relevant outcome of this study was the association between persons with OCD/hoarding and the increased severity of autism symptoms. These results provide a better understanding of persons with OCD/hoarding and have the potential to improve treatment.

AB - Objective: In recent years there has been some ambiguity about the way hoarding and OCD are related to each other. The present study examines the differences between persons with OCD/hoarding and OCD/non-hoarding and examines which characteristics are associated with the OCD/hoarding group. Information is established about prevalences, socio-demographical characteristics, OCD and related characteristics, OCD subtypes, comorbidity (depression, anxiety disorders and PTSD) and personality traits. Methods: Data from baseline assessment of The Netherlands Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Association (NOCDA) study are used. The NOCDA sample consists of 419 participants between 18 and 79 years of age, including participants with current or remitted full DSM-IV-TR criteria for OCD. Results: Results show that 58 persons (14.3%) are classified as persons with OCD/hoarding and 349 persons (85,7%) are classified as persons with OCD/non-hoarding. OCD/hoarding is independently associated with severity of autism symptoms (p<.001), living without a partner (p<.05) and being less conscientious (p<.05). Persons with OCD/hoarding are not associated with childhood trauma (p=.31), PTSD (p=.91) and AD(H)D, inattentive type (p=.22) and hyperactive type (p=.57). Limitations: Causal interferences about associations between the risk indicators and hoarding symptoms were precluded since results were based on cross-sectional data. Conclusion: This study confirmed differences between persons with OCD/hoarding and persons with OCD/non-hoarding. The most relevant outcome of this study was the association between persons with OCD/hoarding and the increased severity of autism symptoms. These results provide a better understanding of persons with OCD/hoarding and have the potential to improve treatment.

KW - Autism spectrum disorders

KW - Hoarding behavior

KW - Living alone

KW - Obsessive compulsive disorder

KW - OCD subtypes

KW - Personality traits

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U2 - 10.1016/j.jad.2018.12.115

DO - 10.1016/j.jad.2018.12.115

M3 - Article

VL - 246

SP - 652

EP - 658

JO - Journal of Affective Disorders

JF - Journal of Affective Disorders

SN - 0165-0327

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