Omics analysis of educated platelets in cancer and benign disease of the pancreas

Giulia Mantini, Laura L. Meijer, Ilias Glogovitis, Sjors G. J. G. in ‘t Veld, Rosita Paleckyte, Mjriam Capula, Tessa Y. S. le Large, Luca Morelli, Thang V. Pham, Sander R. Piersma, Adam E. Frampton, Connie R. Jimenez, Geert Kazemier, Danijela Koppers-Lalic, Thomas Wurdinger*, Elisa Giovannetti*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is traditionally associated with thrombocy-tosis/hypercoagulation and novel insights on platelet-PDAC “dangerous liaisons” are warranted. Here we performed an integrative omics study investigating the biological processes of mRNAs and expressed miRNAs, as well as proteins in PDAC blood platelets, using benign disease as a refer-ence for inflammatory noise. Gene ontology mining revealed enrichment of RNA splicing, mRNA processing and translation initiation in miRNAs and proteins but depletion in RNA transcripts. Remarkably, correlation analyses revealed a negative regulation on SPARC transcription by isomiRs involved in cancer signaling, suggesting a specific ”education” in PDAC platelets. Platelets of benign patients were enriched for non-templated additions of G nucleotides (#ntaG) miRNAs, while PDAC presented length variation on 3′ (lv3p) as the most frequent modification on miRNAs. Additionally, we provided an actionable repertoire of PDAC and benign platelet-ome to be exploited for future studies. In conclusion, our data show that platelets change their biological repertoire in patients with PDAC, through dysregulation of miRNAs and splicing factors, supporting the presence of de novo protein machinery that can “educate” the platelet. These novel findings could be further exploited for innovative liquid biopsies platforms as well as possible therapeutic targets.
Original languageEnglish
Article number66
Pages (from-to)1-20
Number of pages20
JournalCancers
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2021

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