One-Stop Surgery: An Innovation to Limit Hospital Visits in Children

Kelly M A Dreuning, Joep P M Derikx, Ayoub Ouali, Liedewij M J Janssen, Maurits W van Tulder, Jos W R Twisk, Lotte Haverman, L W Ernest van Heurn

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Introduction: One-stop surgery (OSS) allows for same-day outpatient clinic visit, preoperative assessment, and surgical repair. This study aims to determine the efficiency, (cost-)effectiveness, and family satisfaction of one-stop inguinal hernia surgery compared with usual care. Material and Methods: Children (≥ 3 months) with inguinal hernia and American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) grades I-II, scheduled for OSS (intervention) or regular treatment (control) between March 1, 2017, and December 1, 2018, were eligible for inclusion. Exclusion criteria consisted of age less than 3 months and ASA grades III-IV. The primary outcome measure was treatment efficiency (i.e., total number of hospital visits and waiting time [days] between referral and surgery). Secondary outcome measures were the effectiveness in terms of complication and recurrence rate, and parent-reported satisfaction and cost-effectiveness using the Dutch Pediatric Quality of Life Healthcare Satisfaction and Institute for Medical Technology Assessment Productivity Cost Questionnaire. Results: Ninety-one (intervention: 54; control: 37) patients (56% boys) were included. Median (interquartile range) number of hospital visits was lower in the intervention group (1 vs 3; p < 0.001). All but one of the OSS patients (98%) were discharged home on the day of surgery. Postoperative complication (1.9% vs 2.7%; p = 0.787) and recurrence rates (0% vs 2.7%; p = 0.407) did not differ between the intervention and control patients. General satisfaction, satisfaction with communication, and inclusion of family were higher after OSS, while satisfaction about information, technical skills, and emotional needs were similar. Median (range) follow-up was 28 (15-36) months. Conclusions: Pediatric one-stop inguinal hernia repair seems to be an effective treatment strategy that limits the number of hospital visits and provides enhanced family satisfaction without compromising the quality of care.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)435-442
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Issue number5
Early online date2 Dec 2021
Publication statusPublished - 16 Sept 2022

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