Purpose: To report a single-center series of patients with type B aortic dissection treated with the Multilayer Flow Modulator (MFM). Materials and Methods: Over a 36-month period, 23 patients (median age 53 years; 20 men) with complicated type B aortic dissections (2 acute, 5 subacute, and 16 chronic) were treated with the MFM. Primary endpoints of rupture or dissection-related death, overall mortality, and reintervention were evaluated using the Kaplan-Meier method; estimates for freedom from the endpoints are reported with the 95% confidence interval (CI). Secondary outcomes included technical success, adverse events, and aortic remodeling. Clinical and imaging data were collected preoperatively, directly postoperatively, and annually to 36 months for analysis using computational fluid dynamics (CFD). Results: Initial technical success was 91.3%. The estimates of the endpoints at 12 months were 100% for freedom from rupture or aortic-related death, 95.7% for freedom from overall mortality, and 91.3% for freedom from reintervention. No device-related neurological or systemic complications occurred, and no additional reinterventions were needed during follow-up. A total of 144 branches overstented by the MFM remained patent. Morphologic analysis of the aortic dissection showed progressive true lumen volume increase (75.9%, p<0.001) with concomitant false lumen volume decrease (42.8%, p<0.001); the CFD analyses showed increased laminar flow. Conclusion: In the current series, the MFM provided a safe and feasible treatment option for complicated acute, subacute, and chronic type B aortic dissections, with high technical success, low mortality, and active aortic remodeling. Further studies should elucidate the long-term safety of the MFM and its effectiveness in a larger patient cohort.