Objective. To gain insight into the operative strategies used by Dutch surgeons for complicated diverticulitis and sigmoid carcinoma, and into the influence of patient risk factors and surgeon's experience on the preferred operative strategy. Design. Descriptive. Method. A questionnaire was sent to all 148 members of the Dutch Society of Gastrointestinal Surgery, concerning 32 fictitious patients with sigmoid pathology. It was based on conjunct-analysis, a model used in marketing research. This model analyses qualities that make a product preferable to another product of the same product group. The operative choices were: resection with Hartmann's procedure, resection with primary anastomosis and diverting stoma, resection with primary anastomosis after on-table lavage, or with primary anastomosis only, or no primary resection but diverting stoma only, or some personal technique. The survey focused on experience of the surgeons with the operative procedures, and on treatment choices in four fictitious cases frequently encountered in general surgery. Results. There was little agreement concerning the preferred surgical option for treatment of complicated diverticular disease or sigmoid carcinoma. With the exception of one fictitious young, electively operated 'ideal' patient (resection with primary anastomosis) there is hardly any consensus among the surgeons with respect to preferred treatment. Conclusions. Reasons to depart from the conceptually optimal treatment (resection and anastomosis) in complicated cases (from the point of view of the surgeon or the patient), and absence of agreement on responsible other treatment could be differences in appraisal of the importance of several risk factors, or differences in acquired decision making strategies. The literature offers no answer to the question which techniques should be preferred under various circumstances.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 1994|