Optimizing Non-Invasive Detection of Coronary Artery Disease and Effects of Advanced Interventional Techniques for Patients with Stable Coronary Artery Disease: It is All about Myocardial Perfusion

Research output: ThesisResearch VU University Amsterdam, graduation VU University Amsterdam

Abstract

The aim of this thesis was to (1) further optimize non-invasive detection of hemodynamically significant coronary artery disease (CAD) with coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) and myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) and to examine (2) the effect of implantation of the bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS) and (3) chronic total occlusion percutaneous coronary intervention (CTO PCI). Part I showed that angiographic characteristics such as volumetric measures as well as morphological aspects of atherosclerosis as assessed by CCTA are of interest when considering the hemodynamic consequences of atherosclerosis. These findings add to luminal stenosis grading alone and aid in increasing the diagnostic accuracy of CCTA to predict hemodynamically significant CAD determined by invasive FFR. The main results of Part II indicate that implantation of the BVS is feasible however no benefit with regard to myocardial perfusion is observed during hyperemia or cold pressor testing. These findings do not support the use of BVS instead of metallic DES, especially since large randomized trials have illustrated that there is an increased risk in scaffold thrombosis during the first three years. Still, long-term outcome (>3 years) has yet to become available. The results of the studies in Part III indicate that the vast majority of patients with a CTO have significantly impaired myocardial perfusion with great effect of successful CTO PCI on recovery of myocardial perfusion and decrease of ischemic burden. Patient selection for CTO PCI should be based on expected patient benefit rather than lesion complexity.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
Supervisors/Advisors
  • Knaapen, Paul, Supervisor
  • van Rossum, Bert, Supervisor
  • Raijmakers, Pieter, Co-supervisor
  • Nap, Alex, Co-supervisor
Award date30 Sep 2021
Place of PublicationAmsterdam
Publisher
Print ISBNs9789464166651
Electronic ISBNs9789464166651
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2021

Cite this