The trabecular pattern depicted on radiographs of the distal radius of women around the menopause is analysed by a new method to measure orientation. It is shown that the trabecular pattern on radiographs of the distal radius is aligned preferentially along the axial direction and to a lesser extent along the transverse direction. Two minima of orientation are found at 60°off the axial direction. A significant correlation is found between the average value of the orientation in the radius and the average lumbar bone mineral density. It is known that the bone mineral content decreases around the menopause. Previous reports on the present images describe several features that were found to be related to bone mineral content and to time. The orientation of the trabecular pattern, however, is found to be independent of time, at least during the two years of the investigation. Therefore, it is concluded that the orientation of the radiographic trabecular pattern tends to remain stable even if some features of the pattern evolve. Previous studies on radiographs of the radius of children and elderly women and men provide evidence for the tendency of orientation to remain stable not only in women around the menopause, but also in men and women during the entire adult life.
Geraets, W. G. M., van der Stelt, P. F., Lips, P., Elders, P. J. M., van Ginkel, F. C., & Burger, E. H. (1997). Orientation of the trabecular pattern of the distal radius around the menopause. Journal of Biomechanics, 30(4), 363-370. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9290(96)00154-6