Outcome of Ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair in Octogenarians: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Liliane C. Roosendaal, Gabrielle M. Kramer, Arno M. Wiersema, Willem Wisselink, Vincent Jongkind*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Objective: This meta-analysis sought to identify the mortality and ambulatory state 30 days and one year post-operatively in octogenarians treated for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (rAAA) by endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) or open repair (OR). rAAA is a life threatening emergency occurring increasingly in octogenarians. Surgical treatment, open or endovascular, offers the only chance of survival albeit with significant mortality and morbidity rates and a high burden to society. In order to make an informed decision on management, contemporary treatment outcomes should be known. The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis on rAAA repair in octogenarians. Methods: The Pubmed, Embase and Cochrane databases were searched for articles published between 2013 and October 2018 on octogenarians treated for a rAAA. Meta-analysis was performed using the random effects model to calculate the 30 day and one year mortality. Results: The search resulted in a total of 1569 articles, of which eight retrospective studies could be included, reporting on 7526 patients. All studies reported 30 day mortality in octogenarians, and the one year mortality was addressed in four studies. Ambulatory state was not reported. Meta-analysis showed a 30 day mortality of 43% (95% confidence interval (CI) 33–53) and a one year mortality of 47% (95% CI 32–62). Patients after EVAR had a significant lower mortality at 30 days (risk ratio (RR) 0.50, 95% CI 0.38–0.67) and at one year (RR 0.65, 95% CI 0.44–0.96). Conclusion: The 30 day and one year mortality rates for rAAA repair in octogenarians are similar to the outcome at all ages, with a significant survival advantage of EVAR over OR. Patients should therefore not be denied treatment of a rAAA based on age alone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16-22
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Volume59
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2020

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