Oxyntomodulin ameliorates glucose intolerance in mice fed a high-fat diet

Edwin T. Parlevliet*, Annemieke C. Heijboer, Janny P. Schröder-van Der Elst, Louis M. Havekes, Johannes A. Romijn, Hanno Pijl, Eleonora P.M. Corssmit

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

We evaluated the acute effects of OXM on glucose metabolism in diet-induced insulin-resistant male C57Bl/6 mice. To determine the effects on glucose tolerance, mice were intraperitoneally injected with OXM (0.75, 2.5, or 7.5 nmol) or vehicle prior to an ip glucose tolerance test. OXM (0.75 nmol/h) or vehicle was infused during a hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamp to quantify insulin action on glucose production and disposal. OXM dose-dependently improved glucose tolerance as estimated by AUC for glucose (OXM: 7.5 nmol, 1,564 ± 460, P < 0.01; 2.5 nmol, 1,828 ± 684, P < 0.01; 0.75 nmol, 2,322 ± 303, P < 0.05; control: 2,790 ± 222 mmol·l -1·120 min). Insulin levels in response to glucose administration were higher in 7.5 nmol OXM-treated animals compared with controls. In basal clamp conditions, OXM increased EGP (82.2 ± 14.7 vs. 39.9 ± 5.7 μmol·min-1·kg-1, P < 0.001). During insulin infusion, insulin levels were twice as high in OXM-treated mice compared with controls (10.6 ± 2.8 vs. 4.4 ± 2.2 ng/ml, P < 0.01). Consequently, glucose infusion rate (118.6 ± 30.8 vs. 38.8 ± 26.4 μl/h, P < 0.001) and glucose disposal (88.1 ± 13.0 vs. 45.2 ± 6.9 μmol·min -1·kg-1, P < 0.001) were enhanced in mice that received OXM. In addition, glucose production was more suppressed during OXM infusion (35.7 ± 15.5 vs. 15.8 ± 11.4% inhibition, P < 0.05). However, if these data were expressed per unit concentration of circulating insulin, OXM did not affect insulin action on glucose disposal and production. These results indicate that OXM beneficially affects glucose metabolism in diet-induced insulin-resistant C57Bl/6 mice. It ameliorates glucose intolerance, most likely because it elevates glucose-induced plasma insulin concentrations. OXM does not appear to impact on insulin action.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E142-E147
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume294
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2008

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