Parental Diabetes Behaviors and Distress Are Related to Glycemic Control in Youth with Type 1 Diabetes: Longitudinal Data from the DINO Study

Minke M.A. Eilander, Frank J. Snoek, Joost Rotteveel, Henk Jan Aanstoot, Willie M. Bakker-Van Waarde, Euphemia C.A.M. Houdijk, Roos Nuboer, Per Winterdijk, Maartje De Wit

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Abstract

Objective . To evaluate (1) the longitudinal relationship between parental well-being and glycemic control in youth with type 1 diabetes and (2) if youth’s problem behavior, diabetes parenting behavior, and parental diabetes-distress influence this relationship. Research Design and Methods . Parents of youth 8–15 yrs (at baseline) ( N = 174 ) participating in the DINO study completed questionnaires at three time waves (1 yr interval). Using generalized estimating equations, the relationship between parental well-being (WHO-5) and youth’s HbA1c was examined. Second, relationships between WHO-5, Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), Diabetes Family Behavior Checklist (DFBC), Problem Areas In Diabetes-Parent Revised (PAID-Pr) scores, and HbA1c were analyzed. Results . Low well-being was reported by 32% of parents. No relationship was found between parents’ WHO-5 scores and youth’s HbA1c ( β = − 0.052 , p = 0.650 ). WHO-5 related to SDQ ( β = − 0.219 , p < 0.01 ), DFBC unsupportive scale ( β = − 0.174 , p < 0.01 ), and PAID-Pr ( β = − 0.666 , p < 0.01 ). Both DFBC scales (supportive β = − 0.259 , p = 0.01 ; unsupportive β = 0.383 , p = 0.017 ), PAID-Pr ( β = 0.276 , p < 0.01 ), and SDQ ( β = 0.424 , p < 0.01 ) related to HbA1c. Conclusions . Over time, reduced parental well-being relates to increased problem behavior in youth, unsupportive parenting, and parental distress, which negatively associate with HbA1c. More unsupportive diabetes parenting and distress relate to youth’s problem behavior.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Diabetes Research
Volume2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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