Recently, policymakers intend to transform the welfare state to a ‘participation society’ in the Netherlands. This neo-liberal orientation is legitimized by the notion of ‘self-sufficiency’. Against this backdrop we sketch participatory health research (PHR) and its history, followed by the description of our own approach to PHR and principles of PHR encompassing three steps: (1) collecting experiences of the those whose life (or work) is the subject of the study as a starting point for mutual learning, (2) ongoing dialogue with different stakeholders which is strength-based and extending their horizons, and (3) collaborative action and monitoring outcomes. We focus on older people and historical/cultural differences between different generations which have implications for PHR and for addressing specific groups of older people. We present two examples: one concerning a group of older people in a residential setting and the other concerning a group of baby boomers in a WHO Age-Friendly City project.