Patients' and caregivers' views on conversations and shared decision making in diagnostic testing for Alzheimer's disease: The ABIDE project

Marleen Kunneman, Ruth Pel-Littel, Femke H. Bouwman, Freek Gillissen, Niki S.M. Schoonenboom, Jules J. Claus, Wiesje M. van der Flier*, Ellen M.A. Smets

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Introduction This study aims to assess patients' and caregivers' views on and experiences with (1) decisions about diagnostic testing for Alzheimer's disease (AD) and (2) receiving test results. Methods We conducted separate focus groups with patients from three hospitals who underwent diagnostic testing for AD (N = 11) and their caregivers (N = 11). Audio recordings were transcribed verbatim and analyzed using MaxQDA. Results Patients and caregivers preferred and perceived active involvement in decision making, but the decision to initiate diagnostic testing seems to be made before the clinician-patient encounter. Patients and caregivers indicate that decisions are driven by a strong need to explain the patient's symptoms. They missed information on why different diagnostic tests were used, what the results of these tests were, and to what extent these results were (ab)normal. Discussion The decision-making process around diagnostic testing for AD and the information provision before and after diagnostic testing could be improved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)314-322
Number of pages9
JournalAlzheimer's and Dementia: Translational Research and Clinical Interventions
Volume3
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2017

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