Patients with infective endocarditis undergoing cardiac surgery have distinct ROTEM profiles and more bleeding complications compared to patients without infective endocarditis

Jennifer S. Breel, Agnes G. C. L. Wensing, Susanne Eberl*, Benedikt Preckel, Patrick Schober, Marcella C. A. Müller, Robert J. M. Klautz, Markus W. Hollmann, Henning Hermanns

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Background The coagulation system is crucial in the pathogenesis of infective endocarditis and undergoes significant changes during course of the disease. However, little is known about the implications of those changes in the perioperative period. Aim of the present study was to delineate the specific coagulation patterns and their clinical consequence in patients undergoing cardiac surgery due to infective endocarditis. Methods In this single-centre, exploratory, prospective observational study, we investigated the incidence and degree of coagulopathy in patients with (n = 31) and without infective endocarditis (n = 39) undergoing cardiac valve surgery. The primary outcome was the differences between these two groups in rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM) results before, during and after surgery. The secondary outcomes were the differences between the groups in heparin sensitivity, bleeding complications, and transfusion requirements. Results Most ROTEM parameters in EXTEM, INTEM and FIBTEM assays were significantly altered in patients with infective endocarditis. Clotting time in the EXTEM assay was significantly prolonged in the endocarditis group at all time-points, while all clot firmness parameters (A5, A10 and MCF) were significantly increased. The heparin sensitivity index was significantly lower in the endocarditis group (median index 0.99 vs 1.17s., p = .008), indicating increased heparin resistance. Patients with infective endocarditis had more bleeding complications as assessed by the universal definition of perioperative bleeding score (OR 3.0, p = .018), and more patients with endocarditis underwent early re-exploration (p = .018). Conclusions The findings of this exploratory investigation show significantly altered coagulation profiles in patients with infective endocarditis, with concomitant hyper- and hypocoagulability. Furthermore, the incidence of bleeding complications and transfusion requirements were increased in patients with endocarditis. These results show the potential of ROTEM to detect coagulation abnormalities in patients with infective endocarditis. Existing point-ofcare coagulation testing guided algorithms for optimizing perioperative coagulation management possibly need to be adjusted for these high-risk patients undergoing cardiac surgery.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0284329
JournalPLoS ONE
Issue number4 APRIL
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2023

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