Patterns of Interindividual Variability in the Antibody Repertoire Targeting Proteins Across the Epstein-Barr Virus Proteome

Zhiwei Liu, Anna E. Coghill, Ruth M. Pfeiffer, Carla Proietti, Wan-Lun Hsu, Yin-Chu Chien, Lea Lekieffre, Lutz Krause, Kelly J. Yu, Pei-Jen Lou, Cheng-Ping Wang, Jason Mulvenna, Jaap M. Middeldorp, Jeff Bethony, Chien-Jen Chen, Denise L. Doolan, Allan Hildesheim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Background Little is known about variation in antibody responses targeting the full spectrum of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) proteins and how such patterns inform disease risk. Methods We used a microarray to measure immunoglobulin G (IgG) and immunoglobulin A (IgA) antibody responses against 199 EBV protein sequences from 5 EBV strains recovered from 289 healthy adults from Taiwan. We described positivity patterns, estimated the correlation between antibodies, and investigated the associations between environmental and genetic risk factors and variations in antibody responses. Results Healthy adults were more likely to mount IgG antibody responses to EBV proteins (median positivity frequency, 46.5% for IgG and 17.3% for IgA; P = 1.6 × 10-46, by the Wilcoxon rank sum test). Responses against glycoproteins were particularly prevalent. The correlations between antibody responses of the same class were higher than correlations across classes. The mucosal exposure to proteins involved in EBV reactivation (as determined by the IgA response) was associated with smoking (P =.002, by the sequence kernel association test-combined), and approximately one quarter of adults displayed antibody responses associated with EBV-related cancer risk. Conclusions These data comprehensively define the variability in human IgG and IgA antibody responses to the EBV proteome. Patterns observed can serve as the foundation for elucidating which individuals are at highest risk of EBV-associated clinical conditions and for identifying targets for effective immunodiagnostic tests.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1923-1931
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Volume217
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Cite this

Liu, Z., Coghill, A. E., Pfeiffer, R. M., Proietti, C., Hsu, W-L., Chien, Y-C., ... Hildesheim, A. (2018). Patterns of Interindividual Variability in the Antibody Repertoire Targeting Proteins Across the Epstein-Barr Virus Proteome. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 217(12), 1923-1931. https://doi.org/10.1093/infdis/jiy122