We describe methods which improve the performances in contrast recovery coefficient (CRC) versus noise trade-off and in convergence rate in CRC of the newly developed HYPR-OSEM algorithm. HYPR-OSEM is a reconstruction method which incorporates HighlY constrained back-PRojection (HYPR) de-noising directly within the widely used OSEM algorithm. 3 forms of HYPR-OSEM have been proposed. Previously, we have demonstrated that all forms of HYPR-OSEM can improve SNR without degrading accuracy in terms of resolution and contrast. However, slower convergence rate in CRC was observed from all forms of HYPR-OSEM. In this work, we investigated the effect of the filter kernel size used in the HYPR operator. Furthermore, we introduced the Iterative HYPR (IHYPR) operator as an effort to accelerate the convergence rate in CRC. Multiple independent noisy realizations of a simulated and an experimental contrast phantom with various sizes of hot and cold inserts were used for the evaluations. CRC vs voxel noise, image profile, and root-mean-squared error (RMSE) in CRC vs iteration were compared across standard and proposed reconstruction methods. Visual image quality assessment of a [11C]PK11195 patient scan was also conducted. It was observed that the noise reduction performance of HYPR-F(B)-OSEM is not very sensitive to the filter kernel size used in the HYPR operator, whereas better CRC vs noise trajectories and lower RMSE in CRC can be achieved by wider kernels for HYPR-AU-OSEM. On the other hand, the CRC convergence rate for HYPR-AU-OSEM becomes much slower with a wider kernel. When the IHYPR operator was introduced into the AU method (i.e. IHYPR-AU-OSEM), similar CRC convergence speed with respect to OSEM was attained without excessively degrading the CRC vs noise trajectories. In summary, the AU method has been determined to be the more effective form of HYPR-OSEM in terms of accuracy and precision, and IHYPR-AU-OSEM can achieve better CRC vs noise trajectories with similar convergence speed as compared to OSEM with or without a post reconstruction filter.
|Name||2017 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, NSS/MIC 2017 - Conference Proceedings|
|Conference||2017 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, NSS/MIC 2017|
|Period||21/10/2017 → 28/10/2017|