Perivascular Adipose Tissue Controls Insulin-Stimulated Perfusion, Mitochondrial Protein Expression and Glucose Uptake in Muscle Through Adipomuscular Arterioles

Alexander H Turaihi, Erik H Serné, Carla F.M. Molthoff, Jasper J Koning, Jaco Knol, Hans W Niessen, Marie Jose Th Goumans, Erik M van Poelgeest, John S Yudkin, Yvo M Smulders, Connie R Jimenez, Victor Wm van Hinsbergh, Etto C Eringa

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Insulin-mediated microvascular recruitment (IMVR) regulates delivery of insulin and glucose to insulin-sensitive tissues. We have previously proposed that perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT) controls vascular function through outside-to-inside communication and through vessel-to-vessel, or "vasocrine" signaling. However, direct experimental evidence supporting a role of local PVAT in regulating IMVR and insulin sensitivity in vivo is lacking. Here, we studied muscles with and without PVAT in mice using combined contrast-enhanced ultrasonography and intravital microscopy to measure IMVR and gracilis artery (GA) diameter at baseline and during the hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp. We show, using microsurgical removal of PVAT from the muscle microcirculation, that local PVAT depots regulate insulin-stimulated muscle perfusion and glucose uptake in vivo We discovered direct microvascular connections between PVAT and the distal muscle microcirculation, or adipomuscular arterioles, removal of which abolished IMVR. Local removal of intramuscular PVAT altered protein clusters in the connected muscle, including upregulation of a cluster featuring heat shock proteins 90ab1 and 70 and downregulation of a cluster of mitochondrial protein components of complexes III, IV and V. These data highlight the importance of PVAT in vascular and metabolic physiology, and are likely relevant for obesity and diabetes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)603-613
Number of pages11
Issue number4
Early online date31 Jan 2020
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2020

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