Persistence of immune response following bivalent HPV vaccination: A follow-up study among girls routinely vaccinated with a two-dose schedule

Tessa M. Schurink-van 't Klooster*, Robine Donken, Rutger M. Schepp, Fiona R.M. van der Klis, Hester E. de Melker

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Background: In this cohort study, we examined antibody levels and avidity after a two-dose schedule (0, 6 months) of the bivalent HPV-vaccine in girls routinely vaccinated in the Dutch HPV-vaccination program, up to 2 years following vaccination. Methods: A blood sample at 7, 12 and 24 months after the first dose and questionnaire data were collected (n = 56). HPV type-specific antibody concentrations (lU/ml) against seven types (HPV16/18/31/33/45/52/58) were assessed using a validated virus-like particles (VLP) multiplex immunoassay. Avidity was tested using a modification of this assay. Results: Seropositivity for vaccine types HPV 16 and 18 was 100% up to month 24, but declined for HPV-types 31/33/45/52/58, although not statistically significant for HPV45. All Geometric Mean Concentrations (GMCs) declined by months 12 and 24, but remained high for HPV16/18. Between month 7 and 12, GMCs declined more for other types. High avidity antibodies were induced up to 24 months for vaccine types (75%, 76–78% and 81–82% at months 7, 12 and 24, respectively), but for other types antibody avidity was 16–29% at month 7, 20–32% at month 12 and 19–32% at month 24. Conclusions: GMCs declined over time for HPV-types 16/18/31/33/45/52/58, but remained high for vaccine-types HPV16/18 up to 24 months of follow-up. Antibody avidity was >75% for vaccine types but <35% for other HPV-types. Further follow-up of this cohort will provide insight into antibody and avidity kinetics over time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7580-7587
Number of pages8
Issue number49
Publication statusPublished - 26 Nov 2018

Cite this