Phenotypic Features and Response to GH Treatment of Patients with a Molecular Defect of the IGF-1 Receptor

Marie J. E. Walenkamp, Jasmijn M. L. Robers, Jan M. Wit, Gladys R. J. Zandwijken, Hermine A. van Duyvenvoorde, Wilma Oostdijk, Anita C. S. Hokken-Koelega, Sarina G. Kant, Monique Losekoot

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Context The phenotype and response to GH treatment of children with an IGF1R defect is insufficiently known. Objective To develop a clinical score for selecting children with short stature for genetic testing and evaluate the efficacy of treatment. Design and Setting Case series with an IGF1R defect identified in a university genetic laboratory. Patients and Interventions Of all patients with sufficient clinical data, 18 had (likely) pathogenic mutations (group 1) and 7 had 15q deletions including IGF1R (group 2); 19 patients were treated with GH. Main Outcome Measures Phenotype and response to GH treatment. Results In groups 1 and 2, mean (range) birth weight, length, and head circumference (HC) SD scores (SDSs) were -2.1 (-3.7 to -0.4), -2.7 (-5.0 to -1.0), and -1.6 (-3.0 to 0.0), respectively. At presentation, height, HC, and serum IGF-1 SDSs were -3.0 (-5.5 to -1.7), -2.5 (-4.2 to -0.5), and +1.2 (-1.3 to 3.2), respectively. Feeding problems were reported in 15 of 19 patients. A clinical score with 76% sensitivity is proposed. After 3 years of GH treatment [1.1 (0.2) mg/m 2 /d] height gain in groups 1 (n = 12) and 2 (n = 7) was 0.9 SDS and 1.3 SDS (at a mean IGF-1 of 3.5 SDS), less than reported for small for gestational age (1.8 SDS). Conclusion A clinical score encompassing birth weight and/or length, short stature, microcephaly, and IGF-1 is useful for selecting patients for IGF1R analysis. Feeding problems are common and the growth response to GH treatment is moderate.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3157-3171
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 19 Jun 2019

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