Plasma-derived human antithrombin attenuates ventilator-induced coagulopathy but not inflammation in a Streptococcus pneumoniae pneumonia model in rats

H. Aslami*, J. J. Haitsma, J. J. Hofstra, S. Florquin, C. Dos Santos, C. Streutker, H. Zhang, M. Levi, A. S. Slutsky, M. J. Schultz

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Background: Mechanical ventilation exaggerates pneumonia-associated pulmonary coagulopathy and inflammation. We hypothesized that the administration of plasma-derived human antithrombin (AT), one of the natural inhibitors of coagulation, prevents ventilator-induced pulmonary coagulopathy, inflammation and bacterial outgrowth in a Streptococcus pneumoniae pneumonia model in rats. Methods: Forty-eight hours after induction of S. pneumoniae pneumonia rats were subjected to mechanical ventilation (tidal volume 12mLkg-1, positive end-expiratory pressure 0cmH2O and inspired oxygen fraction 40%). Rats were randomized to systemic treatment with AT (250IU administered intravenously (i.v.) before the start of mechanical ventilation) or placebo (saline). Non-ventilated, non-infected rats and non-ventilated rats with pneumonia served as controls. The primary endpoints were pulmonary coagulation and inflammation in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF). Results: Pneumonia was characterized by local activation of coagulation and inhibition of fibrinolysis, resulting in increased levels of fibrin degradation products and fibrin deposition in the lung. Mechanical ventilation exaggerated pulmonary coagulopathy and inflammation. Systemic administration of AT led to supra-normal BALF levels of AT and decreased ventilator-associated activation of coagulation. AT neither affected pulmonary inflammation nor bacterial outgrowth from the lungs or blood.Conclusions: Plasma-derived human AT attenuates ventilator-induced coagulopathy, but not inflammation and bacterial outgrowth in a S. pneumoniae pneumonia model in rats.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)399-410
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2012

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