Purpose: KRN7000 is a novel anticancer agent, acting through stimulation of the immune system. The first clinical trial with this agent, which included pharmacokinetic studies, has recently been completed. The aim of the study presented here was to develop a population pharmacokinetic model for KRN7000. Methods: Plasma concentration-time data were gathered from 24 patients enrolled in a phase I trial in which KRN7000 was administered as a weekly slow injection at doses ranging from 50 to 4800 μg/m2. These data were used to build a pharmacokinetic model using the nonlinear mixed-effect modeling (NONMEM) program. The model was validated by performance of 200 bootstraps. Results: A three-compartment model with inter-individual variability on the central and two peripheral volumes of distribution (V1, V2 and V3) and on clearance (CL) adequately described the data. The final estimates were: V1 2.34 l, V2 2.61 l, V3 2.13 l, and CL 0.130 l/h. Of 24 covariates tested, including both demographic and pathophysiological factors, none showed a significant relationship with the pharmacokinetic parameters obtained. The bootstrap analysis provided parameter estimates within approximately 15% of the original estimates, indicating stability of the model. Conclusion: The pharmacokinetic behavior of KRN7000 in the clinical trial could be described by a three-compartment model. Hence, KRN7000 demonstrates linear pharmacokinetics over the investigated dose range. The pharmacokinetics of KRN7000 are not influenced by patient demographic or pathophysiological characteristics.