Positive affect and its relationship to free recall memory performance in a sample of older Dutch adults from the Maastricht Aging Study

Robert D. Hill, M. P. J. van Boxtel, R. Ponds, P. J. Houx, J. Jolles

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Abstract

Objective: A Dutch translation of the Positive and Negative Affect Scale (PANAS) was used to measure Positive Affect (PA) and its relationship to episodic memory in a sample of Dutch adults between the ages of 40 to 82 years. Specifically, the role of PA was examined as a predictor of performance on a serial list learning task that included a recognition and free recall component. Methods: Participants were divided into two age groupings representing middle-age (40 to 64 years) and older (65 to 82 years) adults with respect to the study sample. Results: PA was not related to recognition performance in either age grouping. In the older age group, however, PA predicted free recall. Conclusion: PA facilitated episodic memory in older adults when unsupported tasks conditions were present that placed heavy demands on processing resources. Copyright © 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)429-435
JournalInternational Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Volume20
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2005
Externally publishedYes

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