Practical Workflow for Cardiovascular Assessment and Follow-Up in Kawasaki Disease Based on Expert Opinion

Diana van Stijn*, R. Nils Planken, Maarten Groenink, Nico Blom, Robbert J. de Winter, Taco Kuijpers, Irene Kuipers

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Background: Approximately 25% of the patients with a history of Kawasaki disease (KD) develop coronary artery pathology if left untreated, with coronary artery aneurysms (CAA) as an early hallmark. Depending on the severity of CAAs, these patients are at risk of myocardial ischemia, infarction and sudden death. In order to reduce cardiac complications it is crucial to accurately identify patients with coronary artery pathology by an integrated cardiovascular program, tailored to the severity of the existing coronary artery pathology. Methods: The development of this practical workflow for the cardiovascular assessment of KD patients involve expert opinions of pediatric cardiologists, infectious disease specialists and radiology experts with clinical experience in a tertiary KD reference center of more than 1000 KD patients. Literature was analyzed and an overview of the currently most used guidelines is given. Conclusions: We present a patient-specific step-by-step, integrated cardiovascular follow-up approach based on expert opinion of a multidisciplinary panel with expertise in KD.
Original languageEnglish
Article number873421
JournalFrontiers in Pediatrics
Publication statusPublished - 9 Jun 2022
Externally publishedYes

Cite this