The impact, understanding of test-results, and satisfaction among participating couples in a preconception cystic fibrosis (CF) carrier screening project were assessed 6 months after testing. Questionnaire data were obtained from 17/18 identified carriers, 15 partners of carriers with negative test results, and 794 (73%) other participants. None of the carriers changed their reproductive plans because of their test results. Eight participants were worried about their results, including four carriers. Those who attended a general practitioner (GP) consultation for pretest education were less worried than those who attended an educational session. Seven carriers felt less healthy. Predictors of a correct understanding of test results (correct in 62% of participants) were: positive test results, high level of knowledge of CF, high level of education, attending an educational session, and previously heard of CF. All participants who reported that they were worried, all carriers, and 95% of the other participants said that they would make the same decision to be tested again. Although couples who were educated during a GP consultation were less worried, the results of the study suggest that understanding is more correct in couples attending an educational session. The results further suggest that since satisfaction with the screening was high, worries and feeling less healthy due to the test results are probably not a great burden.