Prediction of prognosis in patients with left ventricular dysfunction using three-dimensional strain echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging

M F A Aly, S A Kleijn, J H van Lenthe, R F Menken-Negroiu, L F Robbers, A M Beek, O Kamp

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BACKGROUND: We evaluated three-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (3DSTE) strain and cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) with delayed contrast enhancement (DCE) for the prediction of cardiac events in left ventricular (LV) dysfunction.

METHODS: CMR and 3DSTE in 75 patients with ischaemic and 38 with non-ischaemic LV dysfunction were analysed and temporally correlated to cardiac events during 41 ± 9 months of follow-up.

RESULTS: Cardiac events occurred in 44 patients, more in patients with ischaemic LV dysfunction. LV ejection fraction (LVEF), global circumferential and global area strain were reduced more in patients with more cardiac events, whereas 3DSTE LV end-systolic volumes and 3DSTE LV masses were larger. However, the area under the curve using receiver-operating characteristic analysis showed modest sensitivity and specificity for all evaluated parameters. Additionally, DCE did not differ significantly between the two groups. Univariate analysis showed ischaemic aetiology of LV dysfunction, LVEF and LV mass by CMR to be predictors of cardiac events with an increased relative risk of 2.4, 1.6 and 1.5, respectively. By multivariate analysis, only myocardial ischaemia and LVEF ≤ 39% were independent predictors of events (p = 0.004 and 0.005, respectively). Subgroup analysis in ischaemic and non-ischaemic patients showed only 3DSTE LV mass in ischaemic patients to have a significant association (p = 0.033) but without an increased relative risk.

CONCLUSION: LVEF calculated by 3DSTE or CMR were both good predictors of cardiac events in patients with LV dysfunction. A reduced LVEF ≤ 39% was associated with a 1.6-fold higher probability of a cardiac event. 3DSTE strain measurements and DCE-CMR did not add to the prognostic value of LVEF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)572-579
Number of pages8
JournalNetherlands Heart Journal
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022

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