Predictors of False Positives in 5-Aminolevulinic Acid-induced Photodynamic Diagnosis of Bladder Carcinoma: Identification of Patient Groups That May Benefit Most From Highly Specific Optical Diagnostics

Ronald O.P. Draga*, Matthijs C.M. Grimbergen, Esther T. Kok, Trudy N. Jonges, J. L.H.Ruud Bosch

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Objectives: To identify patient groups associated with a high probability of false positives in photodynamic diagnosis (PDD) of bladder cancer for which the use of highly specific optical instruments could be beneficial. Methods: This study includes the data of 306 patients. Under white light and 5-aminolevulinic acid-induced fluorescence light guidance, tumor locations were recorded, cold-cup biopsies were taken and tumors resected. Age, gender, recent transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT), previous intravesical therapy, and urinary tract infections were examined for association with the false-positive rates in fluorescence cystoscopy by performing a multivariate analysis. Results: Significant univariate associations were found between false positives and gender (P = .009, odds ratio [OR] = 0.51), previous intravesical therapy (P = .03, OR = 1.78), previous BCG instillations (P = .03, OR = 2.05), and TURBT in the past 90 days (P = .01, OR = 2.37). In the multivariate regression model, female gender (male; P = .005, OR = 0.41) and TURBT within 90 days before PDD (P = .01, OR = 2.38) are significant independent predictors of false-positive findings in PDD. Conclusions: Recent TURBTs and female gender are significant independent predictors of false positives in fluorescence cystoscopy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)851-856
Number of pages6
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2009

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