Predictors of undergoing multivisceral resection, margin status and survival in Dutch patients with locally advanced colorectal cancer

L. C. F. de Nes*, J. A. G. van der Heijden, M. G. Verstegen, L. Drager, P. J. Tanis, R. H. A. Verhoeven, J. H. W. de Wilt

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Background: The aim of this nationwide observational study was to evaluate factors associated with multivisceral resection (MVR), margin status and overall survival in locally advanced colorectal cancer (CRC). Material and methods: Patients with (y)pT4, cM0 CRC between 2006 and 2017 were selected from the Netherlands Cancer Registry. Cox-proportional hazards modelling was used for survival analysis, stratified for T4a and T4b. Annual hospital volume cut-off was 75 for colon and 40 for rectal resections. Results: A total of 11.930 patients were included and 2410 patients (20.2%) underwent MVR. Factors associated with MVR for colon and rectal cancer besides cT4 category were more recent diagnosis (OR 3.61, CI 95% 3.06–4.25 (colon) and OR 2.72, CI 95% 1.82–4.08 (rectum)) and high hospital volume (OR 1.20, CI 95% 1.05–1.38 (colon) and OR 2.17, CI 95% 1.55–3.04 (rectum)). Patients ≥70 year were less likely to undergo MVR for colon cancer (OR 0.80, 95% CI 0.70–0.90). Risk factors for incomplete resection were cT4 (OR 3.08, CI 95% 2.35–4.04 (colon) and OR 1.82, CI 95% 1.13–2.94 (rectum)) and poor/undifferentiated tumors (OR 1.41, CI 95% 1.14–1.72 (colon) and OR 1.69, CI 95% 1.05–2.74 (rectum)). More recent diagnosis was independently associated with less incomplete resections in colon cancer (OR 0.58, CI 95% 0.40–0.76). Independent predictors of survival were age, resection margin, nodal status and adjuvant chemotherapy, but not MVR. Conclusion: Treatment of locally advanced CRC with MVR at population level was influenced by year of diagnosis and hospital volume. Margin status in colon cancer improved substantially over time.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Surgical Oncology
Early online date2021
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2021

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