We present the type-distribution of high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) types in women with normal cytology (n = 1467), adenocarcinoma in situ (ACIS) (n = 61), adenocarcinoma (n = 70), and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) (n = 83). Cervical adenocarcinoma and ACIS were significantly more frequently associated with HPV18 (ORMH 15.0; 95% CI 8.6-26.1 and 21.8; 95% CI 11.9-39.8, respectively) than normal cytology. Human papillomavirus 16 was only associated with adenocarcinoma and ACIS after exclusion of HPV18-positive cases (OR MH 6.6; 95% CI 2.8-16.0 and 9.4; 95% CI 2.8-31.2, respectively). For SCC, HPV16 prevalence was elevated (ORMH 7.0; 95% CI 3.9-12.4) compared to cases with normal cytology, and HPV18 prevalence was only increased after exclusion of HPV16-positive cases (ORMH 4.3; 95% CI 1.6-11.6). These results suggest that HPV18 is mainly a risk factor for the development of adenocarcinoma whereas HPV16 is associated with both SCC and adenocarcinoma.