Prehemorrhage antiplatelet use in aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage and impact on clinical outcome: Prehemorrhage antiplatelet use in aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage and impact on clinical outcome
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Background: Literature is inconclusive regarding the association between antiplatelet agents use and outcome after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Aims: To investigate the association between clinical outcome and prehemorrhage use in aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage patients as well as the impact of thrombocyte transfusion on rebleed and clinical outcome. Methods: Data were collected from prospective databases of two European tertiary reference centers for aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage patients. Patients were divided into “antiplatelet-user” and “non-user” according to the use of acetylsalicylic acid prior to the hemorrhage. Primary outcome was poor clinical outcome at six months (Glasgow Outcome Scale score 1–3). Secondary outcomes were in-hospital mortality and impact of thrombocyte transfusion. Results: Of the 1033 patients, 161 (15.6%) were antiplatelet users. The antiplatelet users were older with higher incidence of cardiovascular risk factors. Antiplatelet use was associated with poor outcome and in-hospital mortality. After correction for age, sex, World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies score, infarction and heart disorder, pre-hemorrhage acetylsalicylic acid use was only associated with poor clinical outcome at six months (adjusted OR 1.80, 95% CI 1.08–3.02). Thrombocyte transfusion was not associated with a reduction in rebleed or poor clinical outcome. Conclusion: In this multicenter study, the prehemorrhage acetylsalicylic acid use in aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage patients was independently associated with poor clinical outcome at six months. Thrombocyte transfusion was not associated with the rebleed rate or poor clinical outcome at six months.