Preoperative chest radiographs in hip fracture patients: is there any additional value?

Sverre A.I. Loggers*, Georgios F. Giannakopoulos, Edwin Vandewalle, Micha Erwteman, Ferco Berger, Wietse P. Zuidema

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Preoperative screening in hip fracture patients is vital to minimize perioperative complications. Preoperative chest radiographs (POCR) are performed in many hip fracture patients. Earlier research showed that few POCR abnormalities influence perioperative policy. However, no studies in nonelective patient with a specific surgical conditions have been performed. With many hip fractures per year worldwide, a significant cost reduction could be made by performing selective POCR without compromising the quality of care. This study assessed the need for POCR in hip fracture patients. Method: Retrospective analysis of low-energy trauma patients was performed aged 18 years and older in the VU University Medical Center for a hip fracture in a 5-year period. All preoperative diagnostics were analyzed. All adjourned operations were evaluated. Results: A total of 642 patients were included, 70% female, matching current epidemiologic figures. The POCR showed abnormalities in 22.6%. In 0.6% the POCR lead to an adjournment of the operation (2.8% of abnormal POCR’s). These patients suffered from pneumonia. The POCR in these cases acted as a confirmation of the clinical diagnosis. Conclusion: Many factors involving the treatment of hip fracture patients are of importance in minimizing the risk of complications and mortality during and after admission. In 0.6% of all performed POCR’s an abnormality leads to the adjournment of the operation. In all four cases the POCR matched the clinical findings. Because the additional value of the POCR in hip fracture patients was limited, we think that its selective use in clinical abnormalities is safe and will reduce unnecessary costs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)953-959
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology
Volume27
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2017

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