The aim of this study was to critically review the current literature on the preventive effect of prophylactic measures against ankle sprains. A previous critical view of the literature showed that tape, braces and proprioceptive training have the ability to prevent recurrent ankle sprains only. In the last couple of years new studies have been published on this topic that strengthens the conclusion of the previous review. A total of fourteen studies complied with all inclusion criteria and were discussed. The use of either tape or braces reduces the risk of recurrent ankle sprains. Next to this preventive effect, the severity of ankle sprains is also reduced using these prophylactic measures. The scientific evidence of a preventive effect of braces is stronger than the evidence for tape. The preventive effect of shoes remains unclear. Likely, the newness of shoes plays a more important role than shoe-height. The majority of recent publications were on proprioceptive training. From these studies it can be concluded that poprioceptive training has a similar secondary preventive effect as braces and tape.
|Translated title of the contribution||Prevention of recurrent ankle sprains|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Geneeskunde en Sport|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Feb 2006|