Primary mitochondrial myopathy: 12-month follow-up results of an Italian cohort

V. Montano, P. Lopriore, F. Gruosso, V. Carelli, G. P. Comi, M. Filosto, C. Lamperti, T. Mongini, O. Musumeci, S. Servidei, P. Tonin, A. Toscano, G. Primiano, M. L. Valentino, S. Bortolani, S. Marchet, G. Ricci, A. Modenese, S. Cotti Piccinelli, B. RisiM. Meneri, I. G. Arena, G. Siciliano, Michelangelo Mancuso*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Objectives: To assess natural history and 12-month change of a series of scales and functional outcome measures in a cohort of 117 patients with primary mitochondrial myopathy (PMM). Methods: Twelve months follow-up data of 117 patients with PMM were collected. We analysed the 6-min walk test (6MWT), timed up-and-go test (× 3) (3TUG), five-times sit-to-stand test (5XSST), timed water swallow test (TWST), and test of masticating and swallowing solids (TOMASS) as functional outcome measures; the Fatigue Severity Scale and West Haven-Yale Multidimensional pain inventory as patient-reported outcome measures. PMM patients were divided into three phenotypic categories: mitochondrial myopathy (MiMy) without extraocular muscles involvement, pure chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia (PEO) and PEO&MiMy. As 6MWT is recognized to have significant test–retest variability, we calculated MCID (minimal clinically important difference) as one third of baseline 6 min walking distance (6MWD) standard deviation. Results: At 12-month follow-up, 3TUG, 5XSST and FSS were stable, while TWST and the perceived pain severity (WHYMPI) worsened. 6MWD significantly increased in the entire cohort, especially in the higher percentiles and in PEO patients, while was substantially stable in the lower percentile (< 408 m) and MiMy patients. This increase in 6MWD was considered not significant, as inferior to MCID (33.3 m). NMDAS total score showed a slight but significant decline at 12 months (0.9 point). The perceived pain severity significantly worsened. Patients with PEO performed better in functional measures than patients with PEO&MiMy or MiMy, and had lower values of NMDAS. Conclusions: PMM patients showed a slow global decline valued by NMDAS at 12 months; 6MWT was a more reliable measurement below 408 m, substantially stable at 12 months. PEO patients had better motor performance and lower NMDAS than PEO&MiMy and MiMy also at 12 months of follow-up.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6555-6565
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Neurology
Issue number12
Early online date2022
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022
Externally publishedYes

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