Profiling the human hippocampal proteome at all pathologic stages of Alzheimer's disease

David C. Hondius, Pim van Nierop, Ka Wan Li, Jeroen J. M. Hoozemans, Roel C. van der Schors, Elise S. van Haastert, Saskia M. van der Vies, Annemieke J. M. Rozemuller, August B. Smit

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: We performed a comprehensive quantitative proteomics study on human hippocampus tissue involving all Braak stages to assess changes in protein abundance over the various stages of Alzheimer's disease (AD). METHODS: Hippocampal subareas CA1 and subiculum of 40 cases were isolated using laser capture microdissection and analyzed using mass spectrometry. Immunoblotting and immunohistochemistry were used for validation. RESULTS: Over the Braak stages, an altered expression was found for 372 proteins including changes in levels of extracellular matrix components, and in calcium-dependent signaling proteins. Early changes were observed in levels of proteins related to cytoskeletal dynamics and synaptic components including an increase in RIMS1 and GRIK4. Several synaptic proteins, such as BSN, LIN7A, DLG2, -3, and -4, exhibit an early-up, late-down expression pattern. DISCUSSION: This study provides new insight into AD-dependent changes in protein levels in the hippocampus during AD pathology, identifying potential novel therapeutic targets and biomarkers
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)654-668
JournalAlzheimers & Dementia
Volume12
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2016

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