Motion of the coronary arteries during the heart cycle can result in image blurring and inaccurate flow quantification by MR. This condition applies particularly for longer acquisition windows that are typical of breath-hold coronary flow measurements. To determine the sensitivity of the technique to in-plane motion of different coronary arteries, the temporal variation in coronary position was measured in a plane perpendicular to the proximal portion of the vessel. The results indicated the presence of substantial displacement of the coronary arteries within the cardiac cycle, with a magnitude of motion approximately twice as large for the right as for the left coronary arteries. An estimation of the resulting vessel blurring was calculated, showing that the duration of the acquisition window for high spatial resolution coronary flow acquisitions should be less than 25 to 120 msec, depending on the specific coronary artery studied. In addition, these data specify optimal acquisition window placement for high resolution coronary angiography.