Randomized phase 2 study of gemcitabine and cisplatin with or without vitamin supplementation in patients with advanced esophagogastric cancer

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Abstract

PURPOSE: Preclinical research and prior clinical observations demonstrated reduced toxicity and suggested enhanced efficacy of cisplatin due to folic acid and vitamin B12 suppletion. In this randomized phase 2 trial, we evaluated the addition of folic acid and vitamin B12 to first-line palliative cisplatin and gemcitabine in patients with advanced esophagogastric cancer (AEGC).

METHODS: Patients with AEGC were randomized to gemcitabine 1250 mg/m2 (i.v. days 1, 8) and cisplatin 80 mg/m2 (i.v. day 1) q 3 weeks with or without folic acid (450 µg/day p.o.) and vitamin B12 (1000 µg i.m. q 9 weeks). The primary endpoint was response rate (RR). Secondary endpoints included overall survival (OS), time to progression (TTP), toxicity, and exploratory biomarker analyses. Cisplatin sensitivity and intracellular platinum levels were determined in adenocarcinoma cell lines cultured under high and low folate conditions in vitro.

RESULTS: Adenocarcinoma cells cultured in medium with high folate levels were more sensitive to cisplatin and this was associated with increased intracellular platinum levels. In the randomized phase 2 clinical trial, which ran from October 2004 to September 2013, treatment was initiated in 78 of 82 randomized pts, 39 in each study arm. The RR was similar; 42.1% for supplemented patients vs. 32.4% for unsupplemented patients; p = 0.4. Median OS and TTP were 10.0 and 5.9 months for supplemented vs. 7.7 and 5.4 months for unsupplemented patients (OS, p = 0.9; TTP, p = 0.9). Plasma homocysteine was lower in the supplemented group [n = 20, 6.9 ± 1.6 (mean ± standard error of mean, SEM) µM; vs. 12.5 ± 4.0 µM; p < 0.001]. There was no significant difference in the Cmax of gemcitabine and cisplatin in the two treatment groups.

CONCLUSION: Folic acid and vitamin B12 supplementation do not improve the RR, PFS, or OS of cisplatin and gemcitabine in patients with AEGC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-48
Number of pages10
JournalCancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
Volume82
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2018

Cite this

@article{2bf1b93c372d48e0ac96fc8c6c2699d3,
title = "Randomized phase 2 study of gemcitabine and cisplatin with or without vitamin supplementation in patients with advanced esophagogastric cancer",
abstract = "PURPOSE: Preclinical research and prior clinical observations demonstrated reduced toxicity and suggested enhanced efficacy of cisplatin due to folic acid and vitamin B12 suppletion. In this randomized phase 2 trial, we evaluated the addition of folic acid and vitamin B12 to first-line palliative cisplatin and gemcitabine in patients with advanced esophagogastric cancer (AEGC).METHODS: Patients with AEGC were randomized to gemcitabine 1250 mg/m2 (i.v. days 1, 8) and cisplatin 80 mg/m2 (i.v. day 1) q 3 weeks with or without folic acid (450 µg/day p.o.) and vitamin B12 (1000 µg i.m. q 9 weeks). The primary endpoint was response rate (RR). Secondary endpoints included overall survival (OS), time to progression (TTP), toxicity, and exploratory biomarker analyses. Cisplatin sensitivity and intracellular platinum levels were determined in adenocarcinoma cell lines cultured under high and low folate conditions in vitro.RESULTS: Adenocarcinoma cells cultured in medium with high folate levels were more sensitive to cisplatin and this was associated with increased intracellular platinum levels. In the randomized phase 2 clinical trial, which ran from October 2004 to September 2013, treatment was initiated in 78 of 82 randomized pts, 39 in each study arm. The RR was similar; 42.1{\%} for supplemented patients vs. 32.4{\%} for unsupplemented patients; p = 0.4. Median OS and TTP were 10.0 and 5.9 months for supplemented vs. 7.7 and 5.4 months for unsupplemented patients (OS, p = 0.9; TTP, p = 0.9). Plasma homocysteine was lower in the supplemented group [n = 20, 6.9 ± 1.6 (mean ± standard error of mean, SEM) µM; vs. 12.5 ± 4.0 µM; p < 0.001]. There was no significant difference in the Cmax of gemcitabine and cisplatin in the two treatment groups.CONCLUSION: Folic acid and vitamin B12 supplementation do not improve the RR, PFS, or OS of cisplatin and gemcitabine in patients with AEGC.",
author = "{van Zweeden}, {A A} and {van Groeningen}, {C J} and Honeywell, {R J} and E Giovannetti and R Ruijter and Smorenburg, {C H} and G Giaccone and Verheul, {H M W} and Peters, {G J} and {van der Vliet}, {Hans J}",
year = "2018",
month = "7",
doi = "10.1007/s00280-018-3588-6",
language = "English",
volume = "82",
pages = "39--48",
journal = "Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology",
issn = "0344-5704",
publisher = "Springer Verlag",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Randomized phase 2 study of gemcitabine and cisplatin with or without vitamin supplementation in patients with advanced esophagogastric cancer

AU - van Zweeden, A A

AU - van Groeningen, C J

AU - Honeywell, R J

AU - Giovannetti, E

AU - Ruijter, R

AU - Smorenburg, C H

AU - Giaccone, G

AU - Verheul, H M W

AU - Peters, G J

AU - van der Vliet, Hans J

PY - 2018/7

Y1 - 2018/7

N2 - PURPOSE: Preclinical research and prior clinical observations demonstrated reduced toxicity and suggested enhanced efficacy of cisplatin due to folic acid and vitamin B12 suppletion. In this randomized phase 2 trial, we evaluated the addition of folic acid and vitamin B12 to first-line palliative cisplatin and gemcitabine in patients with advanced esophagogastric cancer (AEGC).METHODS: Patients with AEGC were randomized to gemcitabine 1250 mg/m2 (i.v. days 1, 8) and cisplatin 80 mg/m2 (i.v. day 1) q 3 weeks with or without folic acid (450 µg/day p.o.) and vitamin B12 (1000 µg i.m. q 9 weeks). The primary endpoint was response rate (RR). Secondary endpoints included overall survival (OS), time to progression (TTP), toxicity, and exploratory biomarker analyses. Cisplatin sensitivity and intracellular platinum levels were determined in adenocarcinoma cell lines cultured under high and low folate conditions in vitro.RESULTS: Adenocarcinoma cells cultured in medium with high folate levels were more sensitive to cisplatin and this was associated with increased intracellular platinum levels. In the randomized phase 2 clinical trial, which ran from October 2004 to September 2013, treatment was initiated in 78 of 82 randomized pts, 39 in each study arm. The RR was similar; 42.1% for supplemented patients vs. 32.4% for unsupplemented patients; p = 0.4. Median OS and TTP were 10.0 and 5.9 months for supplemented vs. 7.7 and 5.4 months for unsupplemented patients (OS, p = 0.9; TTP, p = 0.9). Plasma homocysteine was lower in the supplemented group [n = 20, 6.9 ± 1.6 (mean ± standard error of mean, SEM) µM; vs. 12.5 ± 4.0 µM; p < 0.001]. There was no significant difference in the Cmax of gemcitabine and cisplatin in the two treatment groups.CONCLUSION: Folic acid and vitamin B12 supplementation do not improve the RR, PFS, or OS of cisplatin and gemcitabine in patients with AEGC.

AB - PURPOSE: Preclinical research and prior clinical observations demonstrated reduced toxicity and suggested enhanced efficacy of cisplatin due to folic acid and vitamin B12 suppletion. In this randomized phase 2 trial, we evaluated the addition of folic acid and vitamin B12 to first-line palliative cisplatin and gemcitabine in patients with advanced esophagogastric cancer (AEGC).METHODS: Patients with AEGC were randomized to gemcitabine 1250 mg/m2 (i.v. days 1, 8) and cisplatin 80 mg/m2 (i.v. day 1) q 3 weeks with or without folic acid (450 µg/day p.o.) and vitamin B12 (1000 µg i.m. q 9 weeks). The primary endpoint was response rate (RR). Secondary endpoints included overall survival (OS), time to progression (TTP), toxicity, and exploratory biomarker analyses. Cisplatin sensitivity and intracellular platinum levels were determined in adenocarcinoma cell lines cultured under high and low folate conditions in vitro.RESULTS: Adenocarcinoma cells cultured in medium with high folate levels were more sensitive to cisplatin and this was associated with increased intracellular platinum levels. In the randomized phase 2 clinical trial, which ran from October 2004 to September 2013, treatment was initiated in 78 of 82 randomized pts, 39 in each study arm. The RR was similar; 42.1% for supplemented patients vs. 32.4% for unsupplemented patients; p = 0.4. Median OS and TTP were 10.0 and 5.9 months for supplemented vs. 7.7 and 5.4 months for unsupplemented patients (OS, p = 0.9; TTP, p = 0.9). Plasma homocysteine was lower in the supplemented group [n = 20, 6.9 ± 1.6 (mean ± standard error of mean, SEM) µM; vs. 12.5 ± 4.0 µM; p < 0.001]. There was no significant difference in the Cmax of gemcitabine and cisplatin in the two treatment groups.CONCLUSION: Folic acid and vitamin B12 supplementation do not improve the RR, PFS, or OS of cisplatin and gemcitabine in patients with AEGC.

U2 - 10.1007/s00280-018-3588-6

DO - 10.1007/s00280-018-3588-6

M3 - Article

VL - 82

SP - 39

EP - 48

JO - Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology

JF - Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology

SN - 0344-5704

IS - 1

ER -