Randomized study of two different target levels of glycemic control within the acceptable range in type 2 diabetes: Effects on well-being at 1 year

Ferdinand E.E. Van der Does, J. Nico D. De Neeling, Frank J. Snoek, Peter A. Grootenhuis, Pieter J. Kostense, Lex M. Bouter, Robert J. Heine*

*Corresponding author for this work

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OBJECTIVE - A randomized trial with 1-year follow-up was conducted in 23 general practices to study the relationship between target values for glycemic control and well-being in type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - A total of 176 patients with type 2 diabetes, aged 40-75 years, were included. General practitioners were encouraged to make decisions according to a standardized step-up regimen until the target level of glycemic control was reached. The random allocation to a strict or a less strict target level of glycemic control (fasting capillary glucose <6.5 or <8.5 mmol/l), change in HbA(1c) and fasting glucose, and initiating insulin or treatment with oral hypoglycemic agents were studied as putative determinants of scores on a type 2 diabetes symptom checklist, a profile of mood states, an affect balance scale, and general well-being. Adjustments were made for baseline scores on the outcome at issue. RESULTS - Positive affect (an odds ratio [OR] [95% CI] of 0.39 [0.19-0.83]) and perceived treatment burden (OR 0.48 [0.23-0.98]) were unfavorably altered in the group randomly allocated to stricter target levels (fasting capillary glucose <6.5 mmol/l). Patients who had a decrease in HbA(1c) of 1% or more tended to have comparatively favorable mood (OR displeasure score 0.35 [0.13-0.94]) and general well-being scores at 1 year (ORs of having unfavorable scores ranged from 0.4 to 0.5, NS). CONCLUSIONS - Perceived treatment burden and positive effect are unfavorably affected by random allocation to a strict target level for glycemic control. Improved glycemic control is associated with favorable mood and possibly general well-being in type 2 diabetes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2085-2093
Number of pages9
JournalDiabetes Care
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 14 Dec 1998

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