Adhesion molecules intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) mediate leukocyte infiltration into the CNS, in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) and multiple sclerosis (MS). Because exogenous interleukin-10 (IL-10) inhibits ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 expression and clinical EAE, we hypothesize that endogenous IL-10 signaling may suppress expression of adhesion molecules. In a rat model of chronic relapsing EAE, expression levels of IL-10 and its receptor (IL-10R1), ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 mRNA in the spinal cord are markedly increased, whereas levels of IL-10 mRNA remain relatively low. The temporal pattern of mRNA and protein expression showed marked differences between spinal cord levels. During relapse, IL-10, IL-10R1, ICAM-1, VCAM-1 mRNA levels and neurological scores show positive correlations. We conclude that endogenous IL-10 is not a crucial factor inhibiting adhesion molecule expression in this model.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Neuroimmunology|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 2003|