Relation between the longitudinal development of lipoprotein levels and biological parameters during adolescence and young adulthood in Amsterdam, The Netherlands

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STUDY OBJECTIVES: To analyse the relation between the longitudinal development of total serum cholesterol (TC), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL), and the TC/ HDL ratio and the longitudinal development of the biological parameters body fatness (SSF), lean body mass (LBM), and cardiopulmonary fitness (VO2-max). The relations were analysed with generalised estimating equations (GEE).

SETTING: The relations were investigated with data from the Amsterdam growth and health study, a longitudinal study in which six measurements were carried out within a period of 15 years.

PARTICIPANTS: Altogether 98 females and 84 males aged 13 years at the start of the study.

MAIN RESULTS: Adjusted for lifestyle and other biological parameters, the longitudinal development of TC was inversely related to the development of LBM (standardised regression coefficient beta = -0.27; p < or = 0.01) and positively to SSF (beta males = 0.32; p < or = 0.01 and beta females = 0.15; p < or = 0.01). HDL was inversely related to LBM (beta = -0.26; p < or = 0.01) and positively to VO2-max (beta = 0.08; p < or = 0.05). The TC/HDL ratio was positively related to SSF (beta males = 0.39; p < or = 0.01 and beta females = 0.13; p < or = 0.01) and inversely to VO2-max (beta = -0.09; p < or = 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: The longitudinal analyses showed that body fatness was related to a high risk profile with respect to hypercholesterolaemia, and cardiopulmonary fitness to a low risk profile. Furthermore, it was shown that using body mass index as an indicator of body fatness in relation to lipoprotein values, has some important drawbacks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)505-11
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1996

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