Reliability of anthropometric measurements in European preschool children: The ToyBox-study

P. De Miguel-Etayo*, M. I. Mesana, G. Cardon, I. De Bourdeaudhuij, M. Góźdź, P. Socha, M. Lateva, V. Iotova, B. V. Koletzko, K. Duvinage, O. Androutsos, Y. Manios, L. A. Moreno, Eva Grammatikaki, Christina Katsarou, Eftychia Apostolidou, Eirini Efstathopoulou, Sabine Ibrügger, Angelika Strauß, Birgit HerbertJulia Birnbaum, Annette Payr, Christine Geyer, Marieke De Craemer, Ellen De Decker, Lieven Annemans, Stefaan De Henauw, Lea Maes, Carine Vereecken, Jo Van Assche, Lore Pil, Mai Chin A. Paw, Saskia te Velde, Theodora Mouratidou, Juan Fernandez, Esther M. González-Gil, Luis Gracia-Marco, Beatriz Oves, Agneta Yngve, Susanna Kugelberg, Christel Lynch, Annhild Mosdøl, Bente B. Nilsen B., Carolyn Summerbell, Helen Moore, Wayne Douthwaite, Catherine Nixon, Susanne Kreichauf, Andreas Wildgruber, Zbigniew Kulaga, Kamila Zych, Beata Gurzkowska, Katarzyna Szott, Natalya Usheva, Sonya Galcheva, Vanya Marinova, Zhaneta Radkova, Nevyana Feschieva, Tim Lobstein, Andrea Aikenhead, Goof Buijs, Annemiek Dorgelo, Aviva Nethe, Jan Jansen, Otto Gmeiner, Jutta Retterath, Julia Wildeis, Axel Günthersberger, Leigh Gibson, Claus Voegele

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The ToyBox-study aims to develop and test an innovative and evidence-based obesity prevention programme for preschoolers in six European countries: Belgium, Bulgaria, Germany, Greece, Poland and Spain. In multicentre studies, anthropometric measurements using standardized procedures that minimize errors in the data collection are essential to maximize reliability of measurements. The aim of this paper is to describe the standardization process and reliability (intra- and inter-observer) of height, weight and waist circumference (WC) measurements in preschoolers. All technical procedures and devices were standardized and centralized training was given to the fieldworkers. At least seven children per country participated in the intra- and inter-observer reliability testing. Intra-observer technical error ranged from 0.00 to 0.03kg for weight and from 0.07 to 0.20cm for height, with the overall reliability being above 99%. A second training was organized for WC due to low reliability observed in the first training. Intra-observer technical error for WC ranged from 0.12 to 0.71cm during the first training and from 0.05 to 1.11cm during the second training, and reliability above 92% was achieved. Epidemiological surveys need standardized procedures and training of researchers to reduce measurement error. In the ToyBox-study, very good intra- and-inter-observer agreement was achieved for all anthropometric measurements performed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-73
Number of pages7
JournalObesity Reviews
Volume15
Issue numberSUPPL.3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014

Cite this

De Miguel-Etayo, P., Mesana, M. I., Cardon, G., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Góźdź, M., Socha, P., ... Voegele, C. (2014). Reliability of anthropometric measurements in European preschool children: The ToyBox-study. Obesity Reviews, 15(SUPPL.3), 67-73. https://doi.org/10.1111/obr.12181