Background and purpose: Glioblastoma (GBM) patients have a dismal prognosis. Tumours typically recur within months of surgical resection and post-operative chemoradiation. Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) biomarkers promise to improve GBM outcomes by identifying likely regions of infiltrative tumour in tumour probability (TP) maps. These regions could be treated with escalated dose via dose-painting radiotherapy to achieve higher rates of tumour control. Crucial to the technical validation of dose-painting using imaging biomarkers is the repeatability of the derived dose prescriptions. Here, we quantify repeatability of dose-painting prescriptions derived from mpMRI. Materials and methods: TP maps were calculated with a clinically validated model that linearly combined apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and relative cerebral blood volume (rBV) or ADC and relative cerebral blood flow (rBF) data. Maps were developed for 11 GBM patients who received two mpMRI scans separated by a short interval prior to chemoradiation treatment. A linear dose mapping function was applied to obtain dose-painting prescription (DP) maps for each session. Voxel-wise and group-wise repeatability metrics were calculated for parametric, TP and DP maps within radiotherapy margins. Results: DP maps derived from mpMRI were repeatable between imaging sessions (ICC > 0.85). ADC maps showed higher repeatability than rBV and rBF maps (Wilcoxon test, p = 0.001). TP maps obtained from the combination of ADC and rBF were the most stable (median ICC: 0.89). Conclusions: Dose-painting prescriptions derived from a mpMRI model of tumour infiltration have a good level of repeatability and can be used to generate reliable dose-painting plans for GBM patients.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Physics and Imaging in Radiation Oncology|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jul 2022|