Resting autonomic nervous system activity is unrelated to antisocial behaviour dimensions in adolescents: Cross-sectional findings from a European multi-centre study

Martin Prätzlich, Helena Oldenhof, Martin Steppan, Katharina Ackermann, Rosalind Baker, Molly Batchelor, Sarah Baumann, Anka Bernhard, Roberta Clanton, Dimitris Dikeos, Roberta Dochnal, Lynn Valérie Fehlbaum, Aranzazu Fernández-Rivas, Maider González de Artaza-Lavesa, Karen Gonzalez-Madruga, Silvina Guijarro, Malou Gundlach, Beate Herpertz-Dahlmann, Amaia Hervas, Lucres Jansen & 21 others I. aki Kerexeta-Lizeaga, Linda Kersten, Marietta Kirchner, Gregor Kohls, Angeliki Konsta, Helen Lazaratou, Anne Martinelli, Willeke Martine Menks, Ignazio Puzzo, Nora Maria Raschle, Jack Rogers, R. ka Siklósi, Areti Smaragdi, Noortje Vriends, Kerstin Konrad, Stephane de Brito, Graeme Fairchild, Meinhard Kieser, Christine M. Freitag, Arne Popma, Christina Stadler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Autonomic nervous system (ANS) functioning has long been studied in relation to antisocial behaviour, but relevant measures (heart rate, heart rate variability, pre-ejection period, respiration rate) have rarely been considered together. This study investigated the relationship between these measures and antisocial behaviour. Methods: Using a sample of 1010 youths with (47.8%) and without conduct disorder (52.2%) aged between 9 and 18. years (659 females, 351 males, mean age = 14.2. years, SD = 2.4), principal component analysis (PCA) was applied to various measures of psychopathology and antisocial behavior. Structural equation modelling was performed in order to test whether the ANS measures predicted PCA-dimensions. Cluster analysis was used in order to classify patterns of ANS activity. Analyses were performed separately for males/females and controlled for body-mass-index, age, caffeine use, cigarette smoking, sports, socioeconomic status, medication, cardiac problems. Results: The PCA yielded three components: antisocial behaviour/comorbid psychopathology, narcissistic traits, and callous-unemotional traits. ANS measures were only weakly correlated with these components. Cluster analysis yielded high and low arousal clusters in both sexes. When controlling for covariates, all associations disappeared. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that resting ANS measures are only weakly related to antisocial behaviour and indicate that smoking should be considered as an important covariate in future psychophysiological studies.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Criminal Justice
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2018

Cite this

Prätzlich, Martin ; Oldenhof, Helena ; Steppan, Martin ; Ackermann, Katharina ; Baker, Rosalind ; Batchelor, Molly ; Baumann, Sarah ; Bernhard, Anka ; Clanton, Roberta ; Dikeos, Dimitris ; Dochnal, Roberta ; Fehlbaum, Lynn Valérie ; Fernández-Rivas, Aranzazu ; González de Artaza-Lavesa, Maider ; Gonzalez-Madruga, Karen ; Guijarro, Silvina ; Gundlach, Malou ; Herpertz-Dahlmann, Beate ; Hervas, Amaia ; Jansen, Lucres ; Kerexeta-Lizeaga, I. aki ; Kersten, Linda ; Kirchner, Marietta ; Kohls, Gregor ; Konsta, Angeliki ; Lazaratou, Helen ; Martinelli, Anne ; Menks, Willeke Martine ; Puzzo, Ignazio ; Raschle, Nora Maria ; Rogers, Jack ; Siklósi, R. ka ; Smaragdi, Areti ; Vriends, Noortje ; Konrad, Kerstin ; de Brito, Stephane ; Fairchild, Graeme ; Kieser, Meinhard ; Freitag, Christine M. ; Popma, Arne ; Stadler, Christina. / Resting autonomic nervous system activity is unrelated to antisocial behaviour dimensions in adolescents: Cross-sectional findings from a European multi-centre study. In: Journal of Criminal Justice. 2018.
@article{5d5071bf4c4e4e09bbae9fb70d2bbb36,
title = "Resting autonomic nervous system activity is unrelated to antisocial behaviour dimensions in adolescents: Cross-sectional findings from a European multi-centre study",
abstract = "Purpose: Autonomic nervous system (ANS) functioning has long been studied in relation to antisocial behaviour, but relevant measures (heart rate, heart rate variability, pre-ejection period, respiration rate) have rarely been considered together. This study investigated the relationship between these measures and antisocial behaviour. Methods: Using a sample of 1010 youths with (47.8{\%}) and without conduct disorder (52.2{\%}) aged between 9 and 18. years (659 females, 351 males, mean age = 14.2. years, SD = 2.4), principal component analysis (PCA) was applied to various measures of psychopathology and antisocial behavior. Structural equation modelling was performed in order to test whether the ANS measures predicted PCA-dimensions. Cluster analysis was used in order to classify patterns of ANS activity. Analyses were performed separately for males/females and controlled for body-mass-index, age, caffeine use, cigarette smoking, sports, socioeconomic status, medication, cardiac problems. Results: The PCA yielded three components: antisocial behaviour/comorbid psychopathology, narcissistic traits, and callous-unemotional traits. ANS measures were only weakly correlated with these components. Cluster analysis yielded high and low arousal clusters in both sexes. When controlling for covariates, all associations disappeared. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that resting ANS measures are only weakly related to antisocial behaviour and indicate that smoking should be considered as an important covariate in future psychophysiological studies.",
author = "Martin Pr{\"a}tzlich and Helena Oldenhof and Martin Steppan and Katharina Ackermann and Rosalind Baker and Molly Batchelor and Sarah Baumann and Anka Bernhard and Roberta Clanton and Dimitris Dikeos and Roberta Dochnal and Fehlbaum, {Lynn Val{\'e}rie} and Aranzazu Fern{\'a}ndez-Rivas and {Gonz{\'a}lez de Artaza-Lavesa}, Maider and Karen Gonzalez-Madruga and Silvina Guijarro and Malou Gundlach and Beate Herpertz-Dahlmann and Amaia Hervas and Lucres Jansen and Kerexeta-Lizeaga, {I. aki} and Linda Kersten and Marietta Kirchner and Gregor Kohls and Angeliki Konsta and Helen Lazaratou and Anne Martinelli and Menks, {Willeke Martine} and Ignazio Puzzo and Raschle, {Nora Maria} and Jack Rogers and Sikl{\'o}si, {R. ka} and Areti Smaragdi and Noortje Vriends and Kerstin Konrad and {de Brito}, Stephane and Graeme Fairchild and Meinhard Kieser and Freitag, {Christine M.} and Arne Popma and Christina Stadler",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2018.01.004",
language = "English",
journal = "Journal of Criminal Justice",
issn = "0047-2352",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

Prätzlich, M, Oldenhof, H, Steppan, M, Ackermann, K, Baker, R, Batchelor, M, Baumann, S, Bernhard, A, Clanton, R, Dikeos, D, Dochnal, R, Fehlbaum, LV, Fernández-Rivas, A, González de Artaza-Lavesa, M, Gonzalez-Madruga, K, Guijarro, S, Gundlach, M, Herpertz-Dahlmann, B, Hervas, A, Jansen, L, Kerexeta-Lizeaga, IA, Kersten, L, Kirchner, M, Kohls, G, Konsta, A, Lazaratou, H, Martinelli, A, Menks, WM, Puzzo, I, Raschle, NM, Rogers, J, Siklósi, RK, Smaragdi, A, Vriends, N, Konrad, K, de Brito, S, Fairchild, G, Kieser, M, Freitag, CM, Popma, A & Stadler, C 2018, 'Resting autonomic nervous system activity is unrelated to antisocial behaviour dimensions in adolescents: Cross-sectional findings from a European multi-centre study' Journal of Criminal Justice. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2018.01.004

Resting autonomic nervous system activity is unrelated to antisocial behaviour dimensions in adolescents: Cross-sectional findings from a European multi-centre study. / Prätzlich, Martin; Oldenhof, Helena; Steppan, Martin; Ackermann, Katharina; Baker, Rosalind; Batchelor, Molly; Baumann, Sarah; Bernhard, Anka; Clanton, Roberta; Dikeos, Dimitris; Dochnal, Roberta; Fehlbaum, Lynn Valérie; Fernández-Rivas, Aranzazu; González de Artaza-Lavesa, Maider; Gonzalez-Madruga, Karen; Guijarro, Silvina; Gundlach, Malou; Herpertz-Dahlmann, Beate; Hervas, Amaia; Jansen, Lucres; Kerexeta-Lizeaga, I. aki; Kersten, Linda; Kirchner, Marietta; Kohls, Gregor; Konsta, Angeliki; Lazaratou, Helen; Martinelli, Anne; Menks, Willeke Martine; Puzzo, Ignazio; Raschle, Nora Maria; Rogers, Jack; Siklósi, R. ka; Smaragdi, Areti; Vriends, Noortje; Konrad, Kerstin; de Brito, Stephane; Fairchild, Graeme; Kieser, Meinhard; Freitag, Christine M.; Popma, Arne; Stadler, Christina.

In: Journal of Criminal Justice, 2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Resting autonomic nervous system activity is unrelated to antisocial behaviour dimensions in adolescents: Cross-sectional findings from a European multi-centre study

AU - Prätzlich, Martin

AU - Oldenhof, Helena

AU - Steppan, Martin

AU - Ackermann, Katharina

AU - Baker, Rosalind

AU - Batchelor, Molly

AU - Baumann, Sarah

AU - Bernhard, Anka

AU - Clanton, Roberta

AU - Dikeos, Dimitris

AU - Dochnal, Roberta

AU - Fehlbaum, Lynn Valérie

AU - Fernández-Rivas, Aranzazu

AU - González de Artaza-Lavesa, Maider

AU - Gonzalez-Madruga, Karen

AU - Guijarro, Silvina

AU - Gundlach, Malou

AU - Herpertz-Dahlmann, Beate

AU - Hervas, Amaia

AU - Jansen, Lucres

AU - Kerexeta-Lizeaga, I. aki

AU - Kersten, Linda

AU - Kirchner, Marietta

AU - Kohls, Gregor

AU - Konsta, Angeliki

AU - Lazaratou, Helen

AU - Martinelli, Anne

AU - Menks, Willeke Martine

AU - Puzzo, Ignazio

AU - Raschle, Nora Maria

AU - Rogers, Jack

AU - Siklósi, R. ka

AU - Smaragdi, Areti

AU - Vriends, Noortje

AU - Konrad, Kerstin

AU - de Brito, Stephane

AU - Fairchild, Graeme

AU - Kieser, Meinhard

AU - Freitag, Christine M.

AU - Popma, Arne

AU - Stadler, Christina

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Purpose: Autonomic nervous system (ANS) functioning has long been studied in relation to antisocial behaviour, but relevant measures (heart rate, heart rate variability, pre-ejection period, respiration rate) have rarely been considered together. This study investigated the relationship between these measures and antisocial behaviour. Methods: Using a sample of 1010 youths with (47.8%) and without conduct disorder (52.2%) aged between 9 and 18. years (659 females, 351 males, mean age = 14.2. years, SD = 2.4), principal component analysis (PCA) was applied to various measures of psychopathology and antisocial behavior. Structural equation modelling was performed in order to test whether the ANS measures predicted PCA-dimensions. Cluster analysis was used in order to classify patterns of ANS activity. Analyses were performed separately for males/females and controlled for body-mass-index, age, caffeine use, cigarette smoking, sports, socioeconomic status, medication, cardiac problems. Results: The PCA yielded three components: antisocial behaviour/comorbid psychopathology, narcissistic traits, and callous-unemotional traits. ANS measures were only weakly correlated with these components. Cluster analysis yielded high and low arousal clusters in both sexes. When controlling for covariates, all associations disappeared. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that resting ANS measures are only weakly related to antisocial behaviour and indicate that smoking should be considered as an important covariate in future psychophysiological studies.

AB - Purpose: Autonomic nervous system (ANS) functioning has long been studied in relation to antisocial behaviour, but relevant measures (heart rate, heart rate variability, pre-ejection period, respiration rate) have rarely been considered together. This study investigated the relationship between these measures and antisocial behaviour. Methods: Using a sample of 1010 youths with (47.8%) and without conduct disorder (52.2%) aged between 9 and 18. years (659 females, 351 males, mean age = 14.2. years, SD = 2.4), principal component analysis (PCA) was applied to various measures of psychopathology and antisocial behavior. Structural equation modelling was performed in order to test whether the ANS measures predicted PCA-dimensions. Cluster analysis was used in order to classify patterns of ANS activity. Analyses were performed separately for males/females and controlled for body-mass-index, age, caffeine use, cigarette smoking, sports, socioeconomic status, medication, cardiac problems. Results: The PCA yielded three components: antisocial behaviour/comorbid psychopathology, narcissistic traits, and callous-unemotional traits. ANS measures were only weakly correlated with these components. Cluster analysis yielded high and low arousal clusters in both sexes. When controlling for covariates, all associations disappeared. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that resting ANS measures are only weakly related to antisocial behaviour and indicate that smoking should be considered as an important covariate in future psychophysiological studies.

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U2 - 10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2018.01.004

DO - 10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2018.01.004

M3 - Article

JO - Journal of Criminal Justice

JF - Journal of Criminal Justice

SN - 0047-2352

ER -